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  JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2
Total Articles: 23
Joseph Smith and his polygamous and polyandrous affairs.
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Joseph Smith's Mother / Daughter Problem
Friday, Oct 26, 2007, at 04:33 AM
Original Author(s): Cooper
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Sylvia Porter Sessions married Joseph Smith on Feb. 8, 1842. She was the daughter of David Sessions and Patty Bartlett Sessions, who became Joseph Smith's tenth wife. Patty Bartlett Sessions married Joseph Smith on Mar. 9, 1842. At the time of her marriage to Smith, she was already married to David Sessions, and their daughter Sylvia Porter Sessions was already the eighth wife of Joseph Smith.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_S...

Patty Bartlett Sessions, the wife of David Sessions, made it clear in her private journal that she was married to Joseph Smith for both "time" and "eternity":
"I was sealed to Joseph Smith by Willard Richards Mar 9, 1842, in Newel K. Whitney's chamber, Nauvoo, for time and all eternity…Sylvia my daughter was present when I was sealed to Joseph Smith." (Journal of Patty Sessions, as quoted in Intimate Disciple, Portrait of Willard Richards, 1957, p. 611)

http://trialsofascension.net/mormon/p...

Joseph Smith had at least one child with Sylvia.

"- Stake President Angus Cannon also testified: "I will now refer you to one case where it was said by the girl's grandmother that your father [Joseph Smith] has a daughter born of a plural wife. The girl's grandmother was Mother Sessions . . . She was the grand-daughter of Mother Sessions. That girl, I believe, is living today, in Bountiful, north of this city. I heard prest. Young, a short time before his death, refer to the report . . . The woman is now said to have a family of children, and I think she is still living." (Stake President Angus M. Cannon, statement of interview with Joseph III, 25-26, LDS archives.)

- Faithful Mormon and wife of Joseph Smith, Sylvia Sessions (Lyon), on her deathbed told her daughter, Josephine, that she (Josephine) was the daughter of Joseph Smith. Josephine testified: "She (Sylvia) then told me that I was the daughter of the Prophet Joseph Smith, she having been sealed to the Prophet at the time that her husband Mr. Lyon was out of fellowship with the Church." (Affidavit to Church Historian Andrew Jenson, 24 Feb. 1915)

http://i4m.com/think/history/joseph_s...

You will notice here that Joseph Smith married Sylvia Porter Sessions/Lyon/Smith/Kimball/Clark and impregnated her with Joseph Rosetta Lyon while she was still married to Windsor Lyon. After bearing Joseph’s child she bore two more children for Windsor Lyon.

7. Sylvia Porter Sessions (Lyon) (Smith) (Kimball) (Clark), 1818-82, married Joseph Smith polyandrously on February 8, 1842, at age twenty-three, and bore him one child, Josephine Lyon (Fisher), on February 8, 1844. Sylvia had married Windsor Lyon in 1838 and stayed with him for eleven years, bearing him four children, all of whom died as infants. He was excommunicated in Nauvoo in November 1842, due to a financial/legal conflict with Nauvoo Stake President William Marks, but was rebaptized in January 1846. Sylvia married Heber C. Kimball for time, polyandrously, on January 26, 1846, but did not go west with him, staying with Lyon. After Lyon's death in January 1849, she married a non-Mormon, Ezekiel Clark, in Iowa on January 1, 1850. She bore him three children (all of whom survived) but left him and came to Bountiful, Utah, in 1854.

Parents:David Sessions and Patty Bartlett
Born:July 31, 1818, Newry, Maine
Died:April 12, 1882, Bountiful, Utah

Marriage to Joseph Smith:about 1843
Other Marriages:Windsor Palmer Lyon, 1838, Far West, Missouri
Heber Chase Kimball, January 1846, Nauvoo, Illinois
Ezekiel Clark, January 1, 1850, Iowa City, Iowa

Children:
1. Marian Lyon, July 30, 1839, Nauvoo, Illinois
2. Philofreen Lyon, June 11, 1841, Nauvoo, Illinois
3. Asa Windsor Lyon, December 25, 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois
4. Josephine Rosetta Lyon, February 8, 1844, Nauvoo, Illinois
5. Byron Windsor Lyon, September 4, 1847, Iowa City, Iowa
6. David Carlos Lyon, August 8, 1848, Iowa City, Iowa
7. Perry Ezekiel Clark, February 8, 1851, Iowa City, Iowa
8. Phebe Jane Clark, September 1, 1852, Iowa City, Iowa
9. Martha Sylvia Clark, January 20, 1854, Iowa City, Iowa

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olymp...

This seemed to start a trend of marrying women who were still married to other men. Brigham Young followed in Joe’s swinging footsteps as the following list indicates. The numbered names following the wives are the wives’ other husbands.

1. 1824 Oct. 8 Miriam Works, 1806-32
2. 1834 Feb. 10 Mary Ann Angel, 1808-82

Married during Joseph Smith's life
3. 1842 June 14 Lucy Ann Decker, 1822-90 (1) William Seeley
4. 1843 Nov. 2 Augusta Adams, 1802-86 (1) Henry Cobb
5. 1843 Nov. 2 Harriet Cook, 1824-98
6. 1844 May 8 Clarissa Decker, 1828-89

Married before completion of Nauvoo Temple
7. 1844 Sept. Emily Dow Partridge, 1824-99 (1) Joseph Smith
8. 1844 Sept. 10 Clarissa Ross, 1814-57
9. 1844 Sept. 19 Louisa Beaman, 1815-50 (1) Joseph Smith
10. 1844 Oct. 3 Eliza Roxey Snow, 1804-87 (1) Joseph Smith
11. 1844 Oct. 3 Elizabeth Fairchild, 1828-1910 (2) James D. Lyman
(3) Joseph McMurray
(4) James Matthews
(5) W. L. Chastain
12. 1844 Oct. 8 Clarissa Blake, 1796-not known
13. 1844 Oct. 9 Rebecca Holman, 1824-49
14. 1844 Oct. 10 Diana Chase, 1827-86 (2) William M. Shaw
15. 1844 Oct. 31 Susannah Snively, 1815-92
16. 1844 Nov. 7 Olive Gray Frost, 1816-45
17. 1845 Jan. 15 Mary Ann Clark, 1816-not known (1) Mr. Powers
18. 1845 Jan. 16 Margaret Pierce, 1823-1907 (1) Morris Whitesides
19. 1845 Jan. 16 Mary Pierce, 1821-47
20. 1845 April 30 Emmeline Free, 1826-75
21. 1845 May 22 Mary Elizabeth Rollins, 1818-191 (1) Adam Lightner
(2) Joseph Smith

Married after completion of Nauvoo Temple
22. 1846 Jan. 14 Margaret Alley, 1825-52
23. 1846 Jan. 15 Olive Andrews, 1818-not known (1) Joseph Smith
24. 1846 Jan. 15 Emily Haws, 1823-not known (1) William Whitmarsh
25. 1846 Jan. 21 Martha Bowker, 1822-90
26. 1846 Jan. 21 Ellen Rockwood, 1829-66
27. 1846 Jan. 28 Jemima Angel, 1803-69 (1) Valentine Young
28. 1846 Jan. 28 Abigail Marks, 1781-1846 (1) Asa Works
29. 1846 Jan. 28 Phebe Morton, 1776-1854 (1) James W. Angel
30. 1846 Jan. 28 Cynthia Porter, 1783-not known (1) Mr. Weston
31. 1846 Jan. 31 Mary Eliza Nelson, 1812-85 (1) John P. Greene
(3) Bruce 1. Philips
32. 1846 Jan. 31 Rhoda Richards, 1784-1879 (1) Joseph Smith
33. 1846 Feb. 2 Zina Huntington, 1821-1901 (1) Henry Jacobs
34. 1846 Feb. 3 Amy Cecilia Cooper, 1804-not known not known
35. 1846 Feb. 3 Mary Ellen de la Montague, 1803-not known (1) James B. Woodward
36. 1846 Feb. 3 Julia Foster, 1811-91 (1) Jonathan Hampton
(3) Thomas Cole
37. 1846 Feb. 3 Abigail Harback, 1790-1849 (1) Mr. Hall
38. 1846 Feb. 3 Mary Ann Turley, 1827-1904 (2) John Cook
39. 1846 Feb. 6 Naamah Carter, 1821-1909 (1) John S. Twiss
40. 1846 Feb. 6 Nancy Cressy, 1780-1872 (1) Mr. Walker

Married while crossing the plains
41. 1847 Feb. 10 Jane Terry, 1819-47 (1) George Tarbox
(2) George W. Young
42. 1847 March 20 Lucy Bigelow, 1830-1905
43. 1847 March 20 Mary Jane Bigelow, 1827-68 (2) Horace Roberts
(3) Philander Bell
44. 1848 April 18 Sarah Malin, 1804-58

Married in Utah: 1850's
45. 1852 Oct. 3 Eliza Burgess, 1827-1915
46. 1852 Dec. 16 Mary Oldfield, 1793--1875 (1) Eli Kelsey
47. before 1853 Eliza Babcock, 1828-68 (2) Dominucus Carter
(3) John Groves
48. 1855 June 10 Catherine Reese, 1804-60 (1) Zepheniah Clawson
49. 1856 March 14 Harriet Barney, 1830-1911 (1) W.H.H. Sagers

Married in Utah: 1860's
50. 1863 Jan, 24 Amelia Folsom, 1838-1910
51. 1865 Jan. 8 Mary Van Cott, 1844-84 (1) James T. Cobb
52. 1868 April 7 Ann Eliza Webb, 1844-not known (1) James L. Dee
(3) Moses R. Deming
53. 1869 July 3 Elizabeth Jones, 1814-95 (1) David T. Lewis
(2) Dan Jones

Married in Utah: 1870's
54. 1870 May 8 Lydia Farnsworth, 1808-97 (1) Elijah Mayhew
55. 1872 Dec. 8 Hannah Tapfield, 1807-86 (1) Thomas O. King

http://www.utlm.org/onlineresources/b...
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Using Mormon Church Websites To Show Their Lies
Tuesday, Jan 15, 2008, at 08:17 AM
Original Author(s): Struggle_within
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
The LDS website says that Zina Huntngton was married to Brigham Young after she was widowed by her first husband (total BS). They never allude to the fact that she was married to Joseph Smith. They also don't tell you that when both Brigham and Joseph married her she was still married to and living with Henry Jacobs.

So lets use two church websites to contradict each other and show the lying and whitewashing of history the Morg does.

The Lie is here: http://www.lds.org/pa/display/0,17884...

The truth is here: http://www.familysearch.org

In the Search Fields type

Zina

Huntington

Birth/Christening

1821

Exact Year

United States

New York

There you will see a list of husbands showing that she was married to Henry Jacobs 7 mos before she married Joseph Smith and 5 yrs before she married Brigham Young. To prove that she wasn't widowed by Jacobs you only need click on his name to bring up his records verifying that he died in 1866 much later than the 1846 marriage to Brigham. Lying Bastards.
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They've Been Lying About Polygamy Since The Very Beginning
Monday, Apr 21, 2008, at 11:32 AM
Original Author(s): Anonymous
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
In 1833, the same year that Smith began his involvement with polygamy by 'marrying' Fanny Alger, the church published the Book of Commandments (the predecessor of the Doctrine & Covenants) which contained the following statement: “Inasmuch as this church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication, and polygamy: we declare that we believe, that one man should have one wife; and one woman, but one husband, except in case of death, when either is at liberty to marry again.” (Section C1, 251).

This statement was affirmed as canonized doctrine in August 1835 in a vote by the church’s General Assembly (Van Wagoner, 8). This statement continued to appear in subsequent publications of the Doctrine & Covenants until well after Smith’s death in 1844.

Smith again denied involvement in the 1838 church publication Elder’s Journal where he answered the specific question “Do the Mormons believe in having more wives than one?” with an insistent “No, not at the same time.” (Van Wagoner, 16).

Rumors persisted, however, and in October 1842 the church publication Times & Seasons printed a statement reaffirming the church’s condemnation of the practice of plural marriage. The statement was signed by many of Nauvoo’s prominent male citizens and was accompanied by a separate declaration supported by the leading ladies of the Relief Society (Times & Seasons, October 1842). Notable among the signatories were Eliza Snow and Sarah Cleveland who had already become plural wives of Joseph Smith. Also notable were N.K. Whitney and his wife Elizabeth who added their support for the declarations despite knowing that their daughter, seventeen-year-old Sarah Ann, had married Joseph Smith the previous July (Compton, In Sacred Loneliness 4-6).

On March 4, 1843, nineteen-year-old Emily Partridge was married to Smith becoming his nineteenth wife. Her sister, Eliza (age twenty-two), became his twentieth wife four days later (Compton, In Sacred Loneliness 6). On March 15th, the church publication Times and Seasons printed a statement declaring the charge that polygamy was being practiced among the saints as “false and ridiculous”; further stating that no group had a greater respect for the “laws of matrimony” than they. Within one year of that published statement, Smith would go on to marry at least seven additional women (Van Wagoner, 55).

Smith’s final denial came just a few months before his death in 1844 when, speaking to a group of loyal followers, he protested the unjust accusation of having multiple wives when he had only one (History of the Church, 6:411). Despite his emphatic declaration of innocence, Smith had at least thirty-three plural wives at the time of the speech (Compton, In Sacred Loneliness 4-7).

After Smith’s murder, the Church continued to deny that polygamy was a practice among the saints. In 1848, the church publication Millennial Star called for retaliation against those who continued to perpetuate the lie that “such odious practices as spiritual wivery and polygamy” was being practiced in the church.

During a famous 1850 debate with a clergyman in France, LDS Church leader John Taylor declared to be false the accusation “of polygamy and actions the most indelicate, obscene, and disgusting, such that none but a corrupt and depraved heart could have contrived. These things are too outrageous to admit of belief.” At the time of that emphatic pronouncement, Taylor (who would later become church president) had ten plural wives. (Hirschon, 117) Church leaders would not openly declare polygamy as official church doctrine until 1852 (Van Wagoner, 5).

Emma Smith never reconciled herself to the doctrine of plural marriage. She was initially unaware of her husband’s liaisons and later alternated between begrudging acceptance and outright hostility to the practice. When Emma was initially presented the written revelation commanding polygamy by her brother-in-law Hyrum in July 1843, he reported that “he had never received a more severe talking to in his life….Emma was very bitter.” (Van Wagoner, 76-87).

After Joseph’s murder, she continued to deny his involvement both publicly and privately to her children. When Joseph Smith III accepted the call to lead what would become the Reorganized LDS Church, he denounced the practice of polygamy claiming that it had been introduced by Brigham Young and insisting that his father had never “taught such doctrine.” Later, when her two sons Joseph III and Alexander presented her with specific written questions regarding the topic of polygamy, Emma continued to deny that their father had ever taken additional wives. (Van Wagoner, 113-115).

The lying continues.
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The Cunning Joseph Smith, And Placating Heber, Submissive Vilate, And Unsuspecting Helen Kimball
Friday, May 2, 2008, at 07:21 AM
Original Author(s): Freeatlast
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Many Latter-day Saints believe that Joseph Smith was compelled by God to practice polygamy. The Lord supposedly ‘persuaded’ Smith to start a new lifestyle involving plural wives–including married woman and teenage girls young enough to be his daughters–by dispatching an angel armed with a sword and threatening Smith with “utter destruction” if he didn’t comply. Apparently, the Lord had no ethical dilemma about using a death threat to ‘convince’ Smith to exercise his ‘free agency’ in the way God supposedly wanted.

By May 1843, when 37-year old Joseph Smith made 14-year old Helen Kimball his latest plural wife, he had already ‘reluctantly’ complied with the weapon-backed-up ‘divine commandment’ at least 24 times (ref. http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org). To any thinking person familiar with this episode in Mormon history, the obvious question arises: Why go after a girl young enough to be Smith’s daughter, and why not do so directly instead of going through her father, Heber Kimball?

The answer to the first part of the question is found in D&C 132:61-63 - the bits about desiring virgins who could “multiply and replenish the earth” by bearing “the souls of men” (ref. http://scriptures.lds.org/en/dc/132/6...).

The answer to the second part reveals a side of Smith that few Latter-day Saints know existed: cunning. Certainly, if Joseph Smith, as ‘prophet’ and church president, had desired young Helen, he could have gone to her directly and told her himself that he wanted her to become his (next) plural wife, or that God had commanded him to pass on the message, and please, would she be good enough to comply. But neither happened. Latter-day Saints need to ask themselves, “Why not?”

What did occur was that Smith ordered Mormon Apostle Heber Kimball to give his beloved wife, Vilate, mother of Helen, to Smith to be his plural wife (see footnote # 63 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_S...).

Stanley B. Kimball, Heber's great-great-grandson, wrote the following in “Biography of Heber C. Kimball, “Heber C. Kimball, Mormon Patriarch and Pioneer” (p. 93):

“During the summer of 1841, shortly after Heber's return from England, he was introduced to the doctrine of plural marriage directly through a startling test-a sacrifice which shook his very being and challenged his faith to the ultimate. He had already sacrificed homes, possessions, friends, relatives, all worldly rewards, peace, and tranquility for the Restoration. Nothing was left to place on the altar save his life, his children, and his wife. Joseph demanded for himself what to Heber was the unthinkable, his Vilate. Totally crushed spiritually and emotionally, Heber touched neither food nor water for three days and three nights and continually sought confirmation and comfort from God.” Finally, after “some kind of assurance,” Heber took Vilate to the upper room of Joseph's store on Water Street [to become Smith’s latest plural wife].”

Curiously, after all the psychological and emotional drama, Joseph informed Heber and Vilate at the last minute that, well, he “had never intended to take Vilate. It was all a test.” (quoting Stanley B. Kimball; same book and page no.).

Clearly, the “test” imposed by Joseph Smith profoundly burdened the Kimballs. However, what it accomplished (from Smith’s perspective) was that it psychologically broke Heber and Vilate to the concept and practice of polygamy. We’ll see presently why this was necessary.

In terms of his moral and religious upbringing, Heber wrote of his parents in “Synopsis of the History of Heber C. Kimball”:

“My father was a man of good moral character, and though he did not profess any religion, he taught his children good morals, and never would suffer them to swear, or play upon the Sabbath day without correcting them, but would have them remain at home and read good books or attend the church.

My mother was a Presbyterian, and agreeably to the strictest sense of their religion, she lived a virtuous life, and according to the best of her knowledge taught her children the ways of righteousness.” (ref. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heber_Ki...)

The Presbyterian religion held that marriage between one man and one woman was ordained of God (ref. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presbyterian). Polygamy and polyandry were not aspects of Presbyterianism. Immigrants to North America from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland brought their Presbyterian beliefs and values with them, establishing churches.

Once Heber’s and Vilate’s psychological resistance to polygamy was broken, what happened? “Smith required Heber to marry Sarah Peake Noon (which he did in 1842; ref. http://byustudies.byu.edu/Indexes/BioAlpha/MBRegisterK.aspx), and “commanded Heber to keep the plural marriage secret even from Vilate.” “Heber was told by Joseph that if he did not do this he would lose his apostleship and be damned.” (see footnote # 63 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_S...).

Why did Joseph Smith do this? To make Heber complicit in the practice of polygamy, which Smith had started, and to possess a major secret involving Heber that Joseph could use against him later on, if necessary. What kind of ‘favor’ might the naïve, Mormon Apostle need to be ‘persuaded’ to perform on behalf of the ‘prophet’? Having a conversation with Heber’s 14-year old daughter about polygamy and becoming Smith’s plural wife. The next ‘chapter’ in this part of Mormon history involved, not surprisingly, Heber Kimball initiating such a conversation. Helen wrote the following about it:

“Without any preliminaries [my Father] asked me if I would believe him if he told me that it was right for married men to take other wives...The first impulse was anger...my sensibilities were painfully touched. I felt such a sense of personal injury and displeasure; for to mention such a thing to me I thought altogether unworthy of my father, and as quick as he spoke, I replied to him, short and emphatically, ‘No I wouldn’t!’...This was the first time that I ever openly manifested anger towards him...Then he commenced talking seriously and reasoned and explained the principle, and why it was again to be established upon the earth. [This] had a similar effect to a sudden shock of a small earthquake.”

Then father “asked me if I would be sealed to Joseph...[and] left me to reflect upon it for the next twenty-four hours...I was sceptical-one minute believed, then doubted. I thought of the love and tenderness that he felt for his only daughter, and I knew that he would not cast her off, and this was the only convincing proof that I had of its being right. I knew that he loved me too well to teach me anything that was not strictly pure, virtuous and exalting in its tendencies; and no one else could have influenced me at that time or brought me to accept of a doctrine so utterly repugnant and so contrary to all of our former ideas and traditions.” (ref. http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org/26-...)

Note that young Helen received no ‘spiritual witness’ from God that she should become Smith’s plural wife; “the only convincing proof” was her belief that her father “would not cast her off”. It’s also noteworthy that Helen was given just 24 hours by her father in which to make a life-transforming decision about marrying Smith. Why did Heber Kimball apply such pressure on his daughter? Helen herself provided the answer:

“Having a great desire to be connected with the Prophet Joseph, he offered me to him; this I afterwards learned from the Prophet’s own mouth. My father had but one Ewe Lamb, but willingly laid her upon the alter” (ref. http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org/26-...)

Bear in mind that by the spring of 1843, Heber Kimball had been practicing polygamy in secret with Sarah Noon since the previous year. What was it about Heber’s psychology that compelled him to offer his daughter as a plural wife to Joseph Smith without first asking her if it would be alright to do so, and then to give his daughter just 24 hours to decide? A need to please a charismatic religious authority figure (Joseph Smith), which stemmed from Heber’s insecurity. By 1843, Heber had surrendered enough of himself to please the Mormon prophet and comply with what he said was the will of God that it was almost a foregone conclusion that he would do whatever Smith told him was a “test” of his faith. Heber Kimball had no right to unilaterally offer his daughter to Smith for his personal gain (i.e., his guaranteed ‘eternal salvation’).

Helen also wrote the following about her experience of being approached by her father about polygamy: “I felt such a sense of personal injury and displeasure; for him to mention such a thing to me I thought altogether unworthy of my father.” (Helen Mar Whitney, “Life Incidents,” Woman's Exponent 11, August 1, 1882, p. 39)

From the Wives of Joseph Smith website, which is based on the historical information in Todd Compton’s “In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith”:

“Unknown to Helen Mar, Heber and Joseph had already discussed the prospect of Helen Mar becoming one of Joseph’s wives. Heber now sought her agreement. Helen recalls, “Having a great desire to be connected with the Prophet Joseph, he offered me to him; this I afterwards learned from the Prophet’s own mouth. My father had but one Ewe Lamb, but willingly laid her upon the alter.”’

“The next morning Joseph visited the Kimball home. "[He explained] the principle of Celestial marriage...After which he said to me, ‘If you will take this step, it will ensure your eternal salvation & exaltation and that of your father’s household & all of your kindred.[‘] This promise was so great that I willingly gave myself to purchase so glorious a reward. None but God & his angels could see my mother’s bleeding heart-when Joseph asked her if she was willing...She had witnessed the sufferings of others, who were older & who better understood the step they were taking, & to see her child, who had scarcely seen her fifteenth summer, following in the same thorny path, in her mind she saw the misery which was as sure to come...; but it was all hidden from me.” Helen’s mother reluctantly agreed and in May of 1843, Helen married Joseph Smith.” (ref. http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org/26-...)

Note how Smith ‘packaged’ the idea of plural marriage to make it palatable to the young Helen: “If you will take this step, it will ensure your eternal salvation & exaltation and that of your father’s household & all of your kindred.” He zeroed in on Helen’s love for her family and her desire “to purchase so glorious a reward” for them as psychological and emotional leverage.

Why did Vilate Kimball, Helen’s mother, not oppose the plural marriage of her 14-year old daughter to Smith, a man who already had two dozen wives and was old enough to be Helen’s father? Because she had already been psychologically broken to the concept and practice of polygamy by Smith when he required her husband to surrender her to him to be Smith’s plural wife.

Helen also wrote the following in her diary about her mother's reaction when Smith asked Vilate if she was willing to accept her daughter becoming his plural wife: “If Helen is willing, I have nothing more to say.” Helen continued: “She [Vilate Kimball] had witnessed the sufferings of others, who were older and who better understood the step they were taking, and to see her child, who had yet seen her fifteenth summer, following the same thorny path, in her mind she saw the misery which was as sure to come as the sun was to rise and set; but it was hidden from me.”

Why did Joseph Smith ask Vilate Kimball this question in front of her daughter? Vilate’s bland response tipped the balance in favor of what Smith wanted regarding young Helen. Smith knew that Vilate knew that he knew that she herself had already consented to becoming his plural wife. So, how could she then come out and say, “No, I’m opposed to you marrying my daughter!” Had Vilate done so, Smith could have replied, “Well, you yourself consented to become my plural wife, so why the opposition to the Lord’s will now?”

Why didn’t Smith tell Helen the “doctrines and principles” related to polygamy that he knew since 1831, according to the LDS Church (ref. http://scriptures.lds.org/en/dc/132), which included “virgins” being “given” to Mormon men to “multiply and replenish the earth”? (see D&C 132:63). The answer to this question is found in Helen’s angry reaction to her father when he first told her about polygamy. Had Smith gone to the teenage girl himself and said, “I want you to become my plural wife”, she would have been shocked and her personality was strong enough that she would have surely rejected the idea (and Smith). Helen herself had described polygamy as “a doctrine so utterly repugnant and so contrary to all of our former ideas and traditions.”

The only way to ‘win’ young Helen over to the idea of polygamy was through the girl’s dear father, with her mother not opposing Smith making the 14-year old his plural wife. As his young bride, Helen wrote the following poem, which revealed her emotional state:

From sight and looked fair but pitying angels wept.
They saw my youthful friends grow shy and cold.
And poisonous darts from slanderous tongues were hurled, Untutored heart in the generous sacrifice,
Thou dids't not weigh the cost nor know the bitter price; Thy happy dreams all over thous't doomed alas to be
Barded out from social scenes by this thy destiny,
And over they sadened memories of sweet departed joys
They sickened heart will brood and imagine future woes, And like a fettered bird with wild and longing heart,
Thou wilt dayly pine for freedom and murmor at thy lot;

What happened to cause “poisonous darts from slanderous tongues” to be “hurled” at young Helen?
What were the “generous sacrifice”, “cost” and “bitter price” paid by her?
Why was Helen’s heart “sickened”?

In Nauvoo, Helen confided to a close friend: “I would never have been sealed to Joseph had I known it was anything more than ceremony. I was young, and they deceived me, by saying the salvation of our whole family depended on it.” (“Mormon Polygamy: A History”, Richard S. Van Wagoner, p. 53.)

What happened to young Helen that made her marriage to Joseph Smith “more than ceremony”?

What occurred to cause her to feel that she had been “deceived”?

There is only one logical (and obvious) answer to these questions: After marrying Helen, Joseph Smith had sex with her. Clearly, she had been led to believe that their marriage would be in name only. The dark truth of what Smith wanted from her was undoubtedly an enormous shock to her.

The conquest of young Helen Kimball had been the secret intention of Joseph Smith, Mormon ‘prophet’ and church president, all along. By 1843, he had been rebuffed by enough Mormon women, including married women, to have gained sufficient experience to know how to maximize his chances of getting what he wanted. According to Compton’s book, “Smith was always persistent in his marriage proposals, and rejections usually moved him to further effort.” (p. 80).

The approach that Joseph Smith used to gain access to young, naïve, vulnerable Helen Mar Kimball exposed the cunning, Machiavellian side of the ‘Prophet of the Restoration’.

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The Angel With The Drawn Sword Routine
Tuesday, Jun 3, 2008, at 08:20 AM
Original Author(s): Makurosu
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
The first time I heard the angel with the drawn sword excuse was actually in a BYU religion class. We weren't shown quotes or anything. It was just an offhand reference by one of my religion teachers that Joseph Smith had been given the revelation on plural marriage, but didn't want to live it until he was commanded by an angel with a drawn sword. It sounded pretty weak even then. I can't think of any way that it could possibly sound good when Joseph Smith said it. "Fanny, an angel with a drawn sword appeared to me last night and told me to have sex with my friends' wives and underage girls. Since you're only 16, what do you say we repair to the barn for a roll in the hay?"

Maybe I should start saying that. "I know I was supposed to paint the upstairs bathroom today, but an angel with a drawn sword came and commanded me to lay around all day and catch up on some episodes of Lost." Why would that work for Joseph Smith but not me? Maybe the angel thing is passe. Let's try it this way: "Last night I was abducted by aliens who told me that if I did not go out and buy a Sony Playstation 3 today that they would disintegrate me with their death ray." No, that doesn't sound any better.

Look at these quotes:

"When that principle was revealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith ... he did not falter, although it was not until an angel of God, with a drawn sword, stood before him; and commanded that he should enter into the practice of that principle, or he should be utterly destroyed, or rejected, that he moved forward to reveal and establish that doctrine." - Prophet Joseph F. Smith, "Plural Marriage for the Righteous Only-Obedience Imperative-Blessings Resulting", Journal of Discourses, Vol.20, p.28 - p.29

"Joseph was commanded to take more wives and he waited until an angel with a drawn sword stood before him and declared that if he longer delayed fulfilling that command he would slay him." - Hyrum Smith, Elder Benjamin F. Johnson's Letter to George S. Gibbs, 1903

"I know whereon I stand, I know what I believe, I know what I know and I know what I testify to you is the living truth. As I expect to meet it at the bar of the eternal Jehovah, it is true. And when you stand before the bar you will know. He preached polygamy and he not only preached it, but he practiced it. I am a living witness to it. It was given to him before he gave it to the Church. An angel came to him and the last time he came with a drawn sword in his hand and told Joseph if he did not go into that principle, he would slay him." - Sister Mary Lightner, Address to Brigham Young University, April 14th, 1905, BYU Archives and Manuscripts Also See: http://www.ldshistory.net/pc/merlbyu.htm

"His brother, Hyrum, said to me, "Now, Brother Benjamin, you know that Brother Joseph would not sanction this if it was not from the Lord. The Lord revealed this to Brother Joseph long ago, and he put it off until the Angel of the Lord came to him with a drawn sword and told him that he would be slain if he did not go forth and fulfill the law." He told my sister to have no fears, and he there and then sealed my sister, Almira, to the Prophet." - Joseph Smith's personal secretary and church patriarch, Elder Benjamin F. Johnson, My Life's Review

"The Prophet Joseph Smith there and then explained to me the doctrine of plurality of wives; he said that the Lord had revealed it unto him, and commanded him to have women sealed to him as wives; that he foresaw the trouble that would follow, and sought to turn away from the commandment; that an angel from heaven then appeared before him with a drawn sword, threatening him with destruction unless he went forward and obey the commandment." - Prophet Lorenzo R. Snow, sworn affidavit.

How outrageous! It's like that thread from yesterday about why the Garden of Eden in Missouri isn't a bigger deal. How did people go in for that? It's unbelievable. I'm absolutely stunned that women fell for that angel with the drawn sword line. "An angel threatened to kill you if you didn't have sex with me? Well, that makes me feel pretty undesirable, but here let me get this dress up over my head." Some people will believe anything.
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Joseph Smith, Polygamy, Other Men's Pregnant Wives, Mothers And Their Daughters
Thursday, Mar 12, 2009, at 08:14 AM
Original Author(s): Bennion
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner was seven months pregnant with Adam Lightner's son when she married Joseph Smith.

She married Joseph Smith on 17 January 1842 and gave birth to George Algernon Lightner on 22 March 1842.

Additional information:

Sylvia Porter Sessions married Joseph Smith on Feb. 8, 1842. She was the daughter of David Sessions and Patty Bartlett Sessions, who became Joseph Smith's tenth wife.

Patty Bartlett Sessions married Joseph Smith on Mar. 9, 1842. At the time of her marriage to Smith, she was already married to David Sessions, and their daughter Sylvia Porter Sessions was already the eighth wife of Joseph Smith.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_S...

Patty Bartlett Sessions, the wife of David Sessions, made it clear in her private journal that she was married to Joseph Smith for both "time" and "eternity":

"I was sealed to Joseph Smith by Willard Richards Mar 9, 1842, in Newel K. Whitney's chamber, Nauvoo, for time and all eternity...Sylvia my daughter was present when I was sealed to Joseph Smith." (Journal of Patty Sessions, as quoted in Intimate Disciple, Portrait of Willard Richards, 1957, p. 611) http://trialsofascension.net/mormon/p...

Joseph Smith had at least one child with Sylvia.

"- Stake President Angus Cannon also testified: "I will now refer you to one case where it was said by the girl's grandmother that your father [Joseph Smith] has a daughter born of a plural wife. The girl's grandmother was Mother Sessions . . . She was the grand-daughter of Mother Sessions. That girl, I believe, is living today, in Bountiful, north of this city. I heard prest. Young, a short time before his death, refer to the report . . . The woman is now said to have a family of children, and I think she is still living." (Stake President Angus M. Cannon, statement of interview with Joseph III, 25-26, LDS archives.)

- Faithful Mormon and wife of Joseph Smith, Sylvia Sessions (Lyon), on her deathbed told her daughter, Josephine, that she (Josephine) was the daughter of Joseph Smith. Josephine testified: "She (Sylvia) then told me that I was the daughter of the Prophet Joseph Smith, she having been sealed to the Prophet at the time that her husband Mr. Lyon was out of fellowship with the Church." (Affidavit to Church Historian Andrew Jenson, 24 Feb. 1915)

http://i4m.com/think/history/joseph_s...

You will notice here that Joseph Smith married Sylvia Porter Sessions/Lyon/Smith/Kimball/Clark and impregnated her with Joseph Rosetta Lyon while she was still married to Windsor Lyon. After bearing Joseph's child she bore two more children for Windsor Lyon.

Sylvia Porter Sessions (Lyon) (Smith) (Kimball) (Clark), 1818-82, married Joseph Smith polyandrously on February 8, 1842, at age twenty-three, and bore him one child, Josephine Lyon (Fisher), on February 8, 1844. Sylvia had married Windsor Lyon in 1838 and stayed with him for eleven years, bearing him four children, all of whom died as infants. He was excommunicated in Nauvoo in November 1842, due to a financial/legal conflict with Nauvoo Stake President William Marks, but was rebaptized in January 1846. Sylvia married Heber C. Kimball for time, polyandrously, on January 26, 1846, but did not go west with him, staying with Lyon. After Lyon's death in January 1849, she married a non-Mormon, Ezekiel Clark, in Iowa on January 1, 1850. She bore him three children (all of whom survived) but left him and came to Bountiful, Utah, in 1854.

Parents:David Sessions and Patty Bartlett

Born:July 31, 1818, Newry, Maine

Died:April 12, 1882, Bountiful, Utah

Marriage to Joseph Smith:about 1843

Other Marriages:Windsor Palmer Lyon, 1838, Far West, Missouri

Heber Chase Kimball, January 1846, Nauvoo, Illinois

Ezekiel Clark, January 1, 1850, Iowa City, Iowa

Children:

1. Marian Lyon, July 30, 1839, Nauvoo, Illinois

2. Philofreen Lyon, June 11, 1841, Nauvoo, Illinois

3. Asa Windsor Lyon, December 25, 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois

4. Josephine Rosetta Lyon, February 8, 1844, Nauvoo, Illinois

5. Byron Windsor Lyon, September 4, 1847, Iowa City, Iowa

6. David Carlos Lyon, August 8, 1848, Iowa City, Iowa

7. Perry Ezekiel Clark, February 8, 1851, Iowa City, Iowa

8. Phebe Jane Clark, September 1, 1852, Iowa City, Iowa

9. Martha Sylvia Clark, January 20, 1854, Iowa City, Iowa

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olymp...

This seemed to start a trend of marrying women who were still married to other men. Brigham Young followed in Joe's swinging footsteps as the following list indicates. The numbered names following the wives are the wives' other husbands.

1. 1824 Oct. 8 Miriam Works, 1806-32

2. 1834 Feb. 10 Mary Ann Angel, 1808-82

Married during Joseph Smith's life

3. 1842 June 14 Lucy Ann Decker, 1822-90 (1) William Seeley

4. 1843 Nov. 2 Augusta Adams, 1802-86 (1) Henry Cobb

5. 1843 Nov. 2 Harriet Cook, 1824-98

6. 1844 May 8 Clarissa Decker, 1828-89

Married before completion of Nauvoo Temple

7. 1844 Sept. Emily Dow Partridge, 1824-99 (1) Joseph Smith

8. 1844 Sept. 10 Clarissa Ross, 1814-57

9. 1844 Sept. 19 Louisa Beaman, 1815-50 (1) Joseph Smith

10. 1844 Oct. 3 Eliza Roxey Snow, 1804-87 (1) Joseph Smith

11. 1844 Oct. 3 Elizabeth Fairchild, 1828-1910 (2) James D. Lyman

(3) Joseph McMurray

(4) James Matthews

(5) W. L. Chastain

12. 1844 Oct. 8 Clarissa Blake, 1796-not known

13. 1844 Oct. 9 Rebecca Holman, 1824-49

14. 1844 Oct. 10 Diana Chase, 1827-86 (2) William M. Shaw

15. 1844 Oct. 31 Susannah Snively, 1815-92

16. 1844 Nov. 7 Olive Gray Frost, 1816-45

17. 1845 Jan. 15 Mary Ann Clark, 1816-not known (1) Mr. Powers

18. 1845 Jan. 16 Margaret Pierce, 1823-1907 (1) Morris Whitesides

19. 1845 Jan. 16 Mary Pierce, 1821-47

20. 1845 April 30 Emmeline Free, 1826-75

21. 1845 May 22 Mary Elizabeth Rollins, 1818-191 (1) Adam Lightner

(2) Joseph Smith

Married after completion of Nauvoo Temple

22. 1846 Jan. 14 Margaret Alley, 1825-52

23. 1846 Jan. 15 Olive Andrews, 1818-not known (1) Joseph Smith

24. 1846 Jan. 15 Emily Haws, 1823-not known (1) William Whitmarsh

25. 1846 Jan. 21 Martha Bowker, 1822-90

26. 1846 Jan. 21 Ellen Rockwood, 1829-66

27. 1846 Jan. 28 Jemima Angel, 1803-69 (1) Valentine Young

28. 1846 Jan. 28 Abigail Marks, 1781-1846 (1) Asa Works

29. 1846 Jan. 28 Phebe Morton, 1776-1854 (1) James W. Angel

30. 1846 Jan. 28 Cynthia Porter, 1783-not known (1) Mr. Weston

31. 1846 Jan. 31 Mary Eliza Nelson, 1812-85 (1) John P. Greene

(3) Bruce 1. Philips

32. 1846 Jan. 31 Rhoda Richards, 1784-1879 (1) Joseph Smith

33. 1846 Feb. 2 Zina Huntington, 1821-1901 (1) Henry Jacobs

34. 1846 Feb. 3 Amy Cecilia Cooper, 1804-not known not known

35. 1846 Feb. 3 Mary Ellen de la Montague, 1803-not known (1) James B. Woodward

36. 1846 Feb. 3 Julia Foster, 1811-91 (1) Jonathan Hampton

(3) Thomas Cole

37. 1846 Feb. 3 Abigail Harback, 1790-1849 (1) Mr. Hall

38. 1846 Feb. 3 Mary Ann Turley, 1827-1904 (2) John Cook

39. 1846 Feb. 6 Naamah Carter, 1821-1909 (1) John S. Twiss

40. 1846 Feb. 6 Nancy Cressy, 1780-1872 (1) Mr. Walker

Married while crossing the plains

41. 1847 Feb. 10 Jane Terry, 1819-47 (1) George Tarbox

(2) George W. Young

42. 1847 March 20 Lucy Bigelow, 1830-1905

43. 1847 March 20 Mary Jane Bigelow, 1827-68 (2) Horace Roberts

(3) Philander Bell

44. 1848 April 18 Sarah Malin, 1804-58

Married in Utah: 1850's

45. 1852 Oct. 3 Eliza Burgess, 1827-1915

46. 1852 Dec. 16 Mary Oldfield, 1793--1875 (1) Eli Kelsey

47. before 1853 Eliza Babcock, 1828-68 (2) Dominucus Carter

(3) John Groves

48. 1855 June 10 Catherine Reese, 1804-60 (1) Zepheniah Clawson

49. 1856 March 14 Harriet Barney, 1830-1911 (1) W.H.H. Sagers

Married in Utah: 1860's

50. 1863 Jan, 24 Amelia Folsom, 1838-1910

51. 1865 Jan. 8 Mary Van Cott, 1844-84 (1) James T. Cobb

52. 1868 April 7 Ann Eliza Webb, 1844-not known (1) James L. Dee

(3) Moses R. Deming

53. 1869 July 3 Elizabeth Jones, 1814-95 (1) David T. Lewis

(2) Dan Jones

Married in Utah: 1870's

54. 1870 May 8 Lydia Farnsworth, 1808-97 (1) Elijah Mayhew

55. 1872 Dec. 8 Hannah Tapfield, 1807-86 (1) Thomas O. King

http://www.utlm.org/onlineresources/b...

9. Patty Bartlett (Sessions) (Smith) (Parry), 1795-1892, married Joseph Smith polyandrously on March 9, 1842, at age forty-seven. The mother of Sylvia Sessions, Patty was famous as a frontier midwife and diarist. She married David Sessions in 1812, lived with him in Missouri, Nauvoo, and Utah, and bore him eight children; he died on August 11, 1850, in Salt Lake City. She then married John Parry for time in 1851; he died in 1868. She moved from Salt Lake City to Bountiful in 1872.

Parents:Enoch Bartlett and Anna Hall

Born:February 4, 1795, Bethel, Maine

Died:December 14, 1893, Bountiful, Utah

Marriage to Joseph Smith:March 9, 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois

Other Marriages:David Sessions, June 28, 1812, Newry, Maine

John Perry, March 27, 1852, Salt Lake City, Utah

Children:

1. Perrigrine Sessions, June 14, 1814, Newry, Maine

2. Sylvannus Sessions, June 5, 1816, Newry, Maine

3. Amanda Sessions, March 19, 1817, Newry, Maine

4. Sylvia Porter Session, July 31, 1818, Newry, Maine

5. Asa Sessions, about 1819, Newry, Maine

6. Anna B. Sessions, March 21, 1820, Newry, Maine

7. David Sessions, Jr., May 9, 1823, Newry, Maine

8. Anna B. Sessions, March 16, 1825, Newry, Maine

9. Bartlett Sessions, August 1, 1827, Newry, Maine

10. Amanda Sessions, March 19, 1837, Far West, Missouri

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olymp...
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Mormonism's Greatest Downfall
Thursday, Apr 30, 2009, at 08:29 AM
Original Author(s): Ray A
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Is polygamy. This is the one "doctrine" that marks Joseph Smith, IMO, as a probable imposter. It is not only contrary to societal values, but even to common sense. And according to the Book of Mormon, it is "an abomination". Why? Because it is manipulative, abusive and controlling, even when "consent" is given (bear Emma in mind here, and her "choices"). All I can say is that if the founder of Mormonism really did produce this book, the Book of Mormon, then he had a serious case of schizophrenia.

It also cankers Mormons. Imagine them railing against masturbation, while revering a "prophet" who actively stole other men's wives from them. What manner of sickness is this? Some kind of "spiritual sickness"?

I can think of few things more grievious than coaxing another man's wife or partner away. Yet this is what Joseph Smith and Brigham Young did - too many times to count. Yet if one masturbates - he/she is "going to hell". I'm speechless.

Apparently, stealing another man's wife is acceptable to further the ideal that "happiness is the purpose and design of existence" (bugger those "unworthy" of the women they married, all in Joseph's "cause" of "uniting real Celestial soulmates").

Those who defend polygamy are spineless hypocrites. On the one hand preaching "morality", then on the other having no qualms about splitting up husband and wife, as happened in the case of Henry Jacobs, "in the name of God".

How can anyone justify this?
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FARMS Admits That Joseph Smith Had Sex With Eight Plural Wives
Wednesday, May 6, 2009, at 08:42 AM
Original Author(s): Randy Jordan
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
This is a response to a FARMS critique by Gregory L. Smith to Signature Books author George D. Smith's book "Nauvoo Polygamy."

http://www.signaturebooks.com/pluralm...

Despite his talking in circles and showing little consistency in his arguments, it's nice to see a FARMS apologist admit that at least some of Joseph Smith's plural relationships included sexual relations. This is refreshing because some Mopologists are currently citing DNA tests to show that Smith didn't sire certain children. For us Ex-Mos and critics, the mere fact that Smith had sex with other women, whether it be 8 or 28, indicates that getting to have sex with lots of women was a major driving force for the practice. That, of course, dashes Mopologist Van Hale's assertions which he made on his radio show a few years ago:

"In my forty years of looking very closely at polygamy, it's been a subject that has been of some interest to me, there's not a single instance where I have encountered what, uh, the speculations that have been presented, uh, far and wide throughout the history of the LDS faith about polygamy, that polygamy was about, uh, proving a promiscuous sexual uh, opportunity, uh, increase, uh, sexual opportunities to Joseph Smith and other polygamists, that is simply not, well, there are those that say Joseph Smith wanted to have sex with beautiful women so this was the reason for it. But the fact is, all of the teaching and doctrine and philosophy and theology about polygamy had to do, uh, all ran along different lines. And to tell you the conclusion that it was a sexual matter in their minds rather than a matter of having to do with, uh, a restoration of an ancient practice, and uh, the opportunity of providing, uh, a good, uh, husband for, uh, a number of different, for, uh, a larger body of good women."

I chuckled over the author's description of Nauvoo as a "polygamy town." Like, "Yes, chillrun, some pioneer towns were cow towns, some were mining towns, some were railroad towns, and some were polygamy towns."

I also appreciate the author's emphasis on polygamy being a major factor in Joseph Smith's death, a point which church writers routinely suppress or ignore. That's something that I came to realize early in my studies about 12 years ago, and it's nice to see a major historical work reminding us of it. My favorite paragraph in the article:
The Church's current Melchizedek Priesthood/Relief Society Manual, Teachings of the Prophet: Joseph Smith, 2008-09, similarly neglects plural marriage. The Nauvoo Expositor, which blew the whistle on polygamy, is dismissed as "an anti-Mormon newspaper that slandered the Prophet and other Saints." How polygamy played out in the lives of the Mormon leaders is left unaddressed. The manual begins with a disclaimer that it will "not discuss plural marriages." The disclaimer itself is an improvement over the utter absence of even the word polygamy from prior church manuals, and if Gregory Smith perceives in this a thawing in the reticence regarding the topic, then maybe there is reason for optimism; if the reviewer can produce an official or even semi-official acknowledgment that polygamy was the root cause of the martyrdom, this would be a significant contribution to the discussion.
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Seven Major Problems With Plural Marriage Being Of God
Monday, Jun 22, 2009, at 08:52 AM
Original Author(s): Lost
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
1. Why was free agency NOT a component of plural marriage when arguably every other foundational church doctrine is?

2. Why did angels with drawn sword only appear to Joseph and not his wives? Why didn't other men report that angels came after them with drawn swords, too? Surely at least a few men would have had to be persuaded, right??

3. Why were the women not consulted or engaged in the plural marriage decision other than for a "YES" or "NO" response? And "NO" coming with horrible consequences? Isn't this a form of blackmail? Where is their free agency? It seems like a form of religous rape...

4. Wouldn't marrying one woman set the precedent of plural marriage? Why so many...what number prevents the "angel with drawn sword" from showing up? Is there a quota?

5. Why was there a need for secrecy? Every time you do something in secret, history shows that pain, suffering and misuderstanding quickly follow. And why take away the law of plural marriage if it was an eternal concept??? If the "work" was so important that it needed to be done on the earth in the first place, and so important the the prophet has to be chased by an angel with a drawn sword threatening to kill him if he doesn't start doing it, then why isn't that requirement still valid and urgent?

6. There were several instances where a father's salvation was assured through a daughter's marriage to Joseph Smith. How does this apply when one considers the articles of faith...which says something very different about our salvation?

7. Why was plural marriage hidden from some of the common law wives? What about their consent to the new union? If they hadn't been consulted, wasn't that adultery?
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More Evidence Of Joseph Smith's Sexual Predation Of Girls
Tuesday, Jun 23, 2009, at 09:01 AM
Original Author(s): Cdnxmo
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
More evidence of Joseph Smith's sexual predation is the heart-wrenching story of Lucy Walker. The Walker family arrived in Nauvoo in the spring of 1841 and by January 1842, Lucy’s mother had contracted and died of malaria, leaving her husband, John, with 10 children to care for. In the family’s time of grief and need for each other, what did JS do? He broke up the Walker family by sending John away on a two-year mission to the eastern states and Lucy’s siblings to live in different members’ homes. He saved 15-year-old Lucy for his house and subsequently informed the lonely and vulnerable girl, “I have a message for you, I have been commanded of God to take another wife, and you are the woman.” Lucy recorded, “My astonishment knew no bounds. This announcement was indeed a thunderbolt to me.” (ref. http://www.wivesofjosephsmith.org/23-...).

To coax Lucy to agree to become his plural wife, he told her that doing so “would prove an everlasting blessing to my father’s house.” (Ibid.) What Mormon girl grieving for her deceased mother, longing for her father, and separated from her siblings would deny “an everlasting blessing” to her father and his family?

The psychological trauma that JS put Lucy through was made clear by her words of prayer: “Oh that the grave would kindly receive me that I might find rest on the bosom of my dear mother...Why – Why Should I be chosen from among thy daughters, Father I am only a child in years and experience. No mother to council; no father near to tell me what to do, in this trying hour. Oh let this bitter cup pass. And thus I prayed in the agony of my soul.” (Ibid.)

JS told Lucy that the marriage would have to be secret. He then intensified the psychological pressure by giving her an ultimatum: “It is a command of God to you. I will give you untill to-morrow to decide this matter. If you reject this message the gate will be closed forever against you.” (Ibid.)

Lonely and wounded psychologically and emotionally, Lucy agreed to marry JS. She recalled, “Emma Smith was not present and she did not consent to the marriage; she did not know anything about it at all.” (Ibid.) Lucy did not know that JS was violating a direct commandment from the Lord – “and the first give her consent” – by secretly marrying her.

Of all the females in Nauvoo that JS could have approached about becoming his latest plural wife, he targeted, isolated and manipulated an inexperienced and highly vulnerable teenage girl young enough to be his daughter.

What kind of church leader would treat girls and women in such a manipulative and abusive manner? One drunk on his own ecclesiastical power.

Sandra Tanner's videotaped presentation alerted me to this infamous aspect - one of so many - of Mormonism's history (ref. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=153jwQ...)
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Joseph Smith's "Modus Operandi" As A Sexual Predator
Monday, Aug 24, 2009, at 07:57 AM
Original Author(s): Baura
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Joseph Smith's "courtship" of young Emily Partridge shows his modus operandi in "grooming" young girls into "plural marriage." It is the same modus operandi that sexual predators use. The following [except for the numbered "sexual predator techniques"] is from "In Sacred Lonliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith" by Todd Compton [Mormon in good standing], pp. 408-10. Compton quotes from Emily's own account, done later when the Utah LDS church was trying to prove to the RLDS that polygamy actually came from Joseph and was not invented by Brigham Young.

*******BEGIN QUOTED MATERIAL********

[(1) Get the victim alone and ask suggestive, leading questions to feel her out: (2) Establish a "special relationship" and swear the victim to secrecy. -Baura's note]

"When I was eighteen years Joseph said to me one day, 'Emily, if you will not betray me, I will tell you something for your benefit.' Of course I would keep his secret, but no opportunity offered for some time to say anything to me." Then Joseph offered to give her a letter--provided she would burn it after reading it. After private prayer, Emily decided it was not right to receive what she suspected might be a romantic letter form her host, employer, father figure, and spiritual leader. "he asked me if I wished the matter ended. I said I did."

....Emily felt especially troubled because Joseph forbade her to talk about his preliminary proposal with anyone--even Eliza [her sister -Baura's note] or her mother.

Next, Joseph evidently tested her ability to keep a secret through his older plural wife, Elizabeth Davis Durfee. Soon after Emily refused Joseph's letter, Elizabeth invited her and Eliza to her home one afternoon. There, Emily wrote, "She introduced the subject of spiritual wives as they called it in that day. She wondered if there was any truth in the report she heard. I thought I could tell her something that would make her open her eyes if I chose, but I did not choose to. I kept my own council and said nothing." . . . Later [Emily] learned that "Mrs. [Durfee] was a friend to plurality and knew all about it."

[(3) Prepare a time and place for the actual sexual activity with the victim. (4) If possible have others who are part of the sex ring help in drawing the victim in. -Baura's note]

[after describing how Emily is finally convinced to enter into "plural marriage" Compton states: -Baura's note]

"Mrs Durf-- came to me one day and said Joseph would like an opportunity to talk with me. I asked her if she knew what he wanted. She said she thought he wanted me for a wife. I was thirely [thoroughly] prepared for almost anything. I was to meet him in the evening at Mr. [Heber C. -Baura's note] Kimballs." . . .

[(5) If the victim is reluctant, eliminate possibilities of escape. -Baura's note]

Evidently Heber and Joseph did not want the Kimball children to suspect that a polygamous marriage was being solemnized and sent them to a neighbor, pretending to send Emily away, as well. "Br. Heber . . . said to me. Vilate is not at home, and you had better call another time, so I started for home as fast as I could go so as to get beyond being called back, for I still dreaded the interview." Despite her reported conversion to polygamy, at nineteen years old she was clearly a reluctant bride, but as she began to rush home, Heber Kimball followed: "Soon I heard Br. Kimball call, 'Emily, Emily' rather low but loud enough for me to hear." Even now Emily tried to ignore him and continued hurrying away: "I thought at first I would not go back and took no notice of his calling. But he kept calling and was about to overtake me so I stopped and went back with him."

[(6) Reassure the victim that everything you are doing is really OK but secret. -Baura's note]

Now the marriage took place:

"I cannot tell all Joseph said, but he said the Lord had commanded [him] to enter into plural marriage and had given me to him and although I had got badly frightened he knew I would yet have him. So he waited till the Lord told him. My mind was now prepared and would receive the principles. I do not think if I had not gone through with the ordeal I did that I could ever [have] gone off at night to meet him. But that was the only way [it could] be done then. Well I was married there and then. . . ."

So Joseph, thirty-seven, married this frightened, fatherless nineteen-year-old, whom he had not allowed to consult even her mother or older sister. According to Emily's later testimony in a law court, there was a sexual dimension to her marriage with Joseph. She testified that she "roomed" with him the night following the marriage and explicitly stated that she had "carnal intercourse" with him on a number of occasions.

*******END QUOTED MATERIAL********

That's how it's done, Folks. Follow the prophet, follow the prophet, follow the prophet, he knows the way.
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Joseph Smith's Mother-Daughter Fetish
Thursday, Oct 15, 2009, at 07:49 AM
Original Author(s): Jamie
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Sylvia Porter Sessions married Joseph Smith on Feb. 8, 1842. She was the daughter of David Sessions and Patty Bartlett Sessions, who became Joseph Smith's tenth wife.

Patty Bartlett Sessions married Joseph Smith on Mar. 9, 1842. At the time of her marriage to Smith, she was already married to David Sessions, and their daughter Sylvia Porter Sessions was already the eighth wife of Joseph Smith.

Sylvia Sessions

Patty Bartlett Sessions, the wife of David Sessions, made it clear in her private journal that she was married to Joseph Smith for both "time" and "eternity":

"I was sealed to Joseph Smith by Willard Richards Mar 9, 1842, in Newel K. Whitney's chamber, Nauvoo, for time and all eternity...Sylvia my daughter was present when I was sealed to Joseph Smith." (Journal of Patty Sessions, as quoted in Intimate Disciple, Portrait of Willard Richards, 1957, p. 611)

Patty Sessions

Joseph Smith had at least one child with Sylvia.

"- Stake President Angus Cannon also testified: "I will now refer you to one case where it was said by the girl's grandmother that your father [Joseph Smith] has a daughter born of a plural wife. The girl's grandmother was Mother Sessions . . . She was the grand-daughter of Mother Sessions. That girl, I believe, is living today, in Bountiful, north of this city. I heard prest. Young, a short time before his death, refer to the report . . . The woman is now said to have a family of children, and I think she is still living." (Stake President Angus M. Cannon, statement of interview with Joseph III, 25-26, LDS archives.)

- Faithful Mormon and wife of Joseph Smith, Sylvia Sessions (Lyon), on her deathbed told her daughter, Josephine, that she (Josephine) was the daughter of Joseph Smith. Josephine testified: "She (Sylvia) then told me that I was the daughter of the Prophet Joseph Smith, she having been sealed to the Prophet at the time that her husband Mr. Lyon was out of fellowship with the Church." (Affidavit to Church Historian Andrew Jenson, 24 Feb. 1915)

Joe & Sylvia's child

You will notice here that Joseph Smith married Sylvia Porter Sessions/Lyon/Smith/Kimball/Clark and impregnated her with Joseph Rosetta Lyon while she was still married to Windsor Lyon. After bearing Joseph's child she bore two more children for Windsor Lyon.

Sylvia Porter Sessions (Lyon) (Smith) (Kimball) (Clark), 1818-82, married Joseph Smith polyandrously on February 8, 1842, at age twenty-three, and bore him one child, Josephine Lyon (Fisher), on February 8, 1844. Sylvia had married Windsor Lyon in 1838 and stayed with him for eleven years, bearing him four children, all of whom died as infants. He was excommunicated in Nauvoo in November 1842, due to a financial/legal conflict with Nauvoo Stake President William Marks, but was rebaptized in January 1846. Sylvia married Heber C. Kimball for time, polyandrously, on January 26, 1846, but did not go west with him, staying with Lyon. After Lyon's death in January 1849, she married a non-Mormon, Ezekiel Clark, in Iowa on January 1, 1850. She bore him three children (all of whom survived) but left him and came to Bountiful, Utah, in 1854.

Parents:David Sessions and Patty Bartlett

Born:July 31, 1818, Newry, Maine

Died:April 12, 1882, Bountiful, Utah

Marriage to Joseph Smith:about 1843

Other Marriages:Windsor Palmer Lyon, 1838, Far West, Missouri

Heber Chase Kimball, January 1846, Nauvoo, Illinois

Ezekiel Clark, January 1, 1850, Iowa City, Iowa

Children:

1. Marian Lyon, July 30, 1839, Nauvoo, Illinois

2. Philofreen Lyon, June 11, 1841, Nauvoo, Illinois

3. Asa Windsor Lyon, December 25, 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois

4. Josephine Rosetta Lyon, February 8, 1844, Nauvoo, Illinois

5. Byron Windsor Lyon, September 4, 1847, Iowa City, Iowa

6. David Carlos Lyon, August 8, 1848, Iowa City, Iowa

7. Perry Ezekiel Clark, February 8, 1851, Iowa City, Iowa

8. Phebe Jane Clark, September 1, 1852, Iowa City, Iowa

9. Martha Sylvia Clark, January 20, 1854, Iowa City, Iowa

See:

http://i4m.com/think/history/joseph_s...
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Take The Joseph Smith Quiz
Wednesday, Nov 10, 2010, at 08:24 AM
Original Author(s): Madiran
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
How many of these would your average TBM get correct?

QUIZ:

1. How many women did Joseph Smith marry while he was alive besides Emma? A: thirty-two.

2. How many of these women were older than him? A: five

3. How many of these women were in his peer group of 30-40 years of age? A: eight

4. How many of these women were 21-29 years of age when he married them? A: nine

5. How many were less than 20 years of age when he married them? A: eleven

6. How many were already married to other men when he married them? A: five

7. How many of these women filed affidavits stating their marriage to Joseph Smith included sexual intercourse? A: thirteen

8. How old was the youngest girl that he married? A: fourteen

9. What was her name? A: Helen Mar Kimball

10. Her birthday? A: August 28th, 1828

11. The date of her marriage to him? A: May 1843

12. His age on that date? A: thirty-eight

13. Would you let your fourteen year old daughter marry a thirty-eight year old man?

14. What kind of thirty-eight year old man would want to marry a 14 year old girl?

15. Number of references to his wives other than Emma on the JosephSmith.net website sponsored by the LDS Church? A: zero

16. Why zero?
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Revelation Regarding Plural Marriage To Sarah Whitney
Wednesday, Dec 29, 2010, at 12:32 PM
Original Author(s): Jod3:360
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Joseph Smith, 27 July 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois

(Unpublished Revelations 59)

Verily, thus saith the Lord unto my servant Newel K. Whitney,

2 The thing that my servant Joseph Smith has made known unto you and your family and which you have agreed upon is right in mine eyes,

3 And shall be crowned upon your heads with honour and immortality and eternal life to all your house, both old and young because of the lineage of my Priesthood, saith the Lord,

4 It shall be upon you and upon your children after you from generation to generation, by virtue of the holy promise which I now make unto you, saith the Lord.

5 These are the words which you shall pronounce upon my servant Joseph and your daughter Sarah Ann Whitney.

6 They shall take each other by the hand and you shall say,

7 You both mutually agree, calling them by name, to be each other's companion so long as you both shall live, preserving yourselves for each other and from all others, and also throughout all eternity, reserving only those rights which have been given to my servant Joseph by revelation and commandment and by legal authority in times past.

8 If you both agree to covenant and do this, then I give you Sarah Ann Whitney, my daughter, to Joseph Smith, to be his wife, to observe all the rights between you both that belong to that condition.

9 I do it in my own name and in the name of your wife, your mother, and in the name of my holy progenitors, by right of birth which is of priesthood, vested in me by revelation and commandment and promise of the living God, obtained through the holy Melchizedek, Jethro and other of the holy fathers commanding in the name of the Lord all those powers to concentrate in you and through to your posterity forever.

10 All these things I do in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, that through this order he may be glorified and through the power of the anointing David may reign king over Israel, which shall hereafter be revealed.

11 Let immortality and eternal life henceforth be sealed upon your heads forever and ever.

Joseph Smith Collection, Church Historians Office
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Sarah Pratt, Jane Law And Joseph Smith
Monday, Mar 21, 2011, at 07:17 AM
Original Author(s): Jim Huston
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Doing a little research on Polygamy and put a first draft of this together.

Sarah Pratt and Joseph Smith - History of the Saints, pp. 228-231.

“Sister Pratt, the Lord has given you to me as one of my spiritual wives. I have the blessings of Jacob granted me, as God granted holy men of old, and as I have long looked upon you with favor, and an earnest desire of connubial bliss, I hope you will not repulse or deny me.”

SARAH PRATT REPLIED:

“And is that the great secret that I am not to utter? Am I called upon to break the marriage covenant, and prove recreant to my lawful husband! I never will…. I care not for the blessings of Jacob. I have one good husband, and that is enough for me…. “Joseph, if you ever attempt any thing of the kind with me again, I will make a full disclosure to Mr. Pratt on his return home. Depend upon it, I will certainly do it.”

JOSEPH SMITH RESPONDED:

“Sister Pratt, I hope you will not expose me, for if I suffer, all must suffer; so do not expose me. Will you promise me that you will not do it?”

SARAH PRATT:

“If you will never insult me again, I will not expose you unless strong circumstances should require it.”

SMITH:

“If you should tell, I will ruin your reputation, remember that.”

Nelson Winch Green, Fifteen Years among the Mormons: Being the Narrative of Mrs. Mary Ettie V. Smith, 1859, p. 31 “Sarah [Pratt] ordered the Prophet out of the house, and the Prophet used obscene language to her…”

Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. according to Brigham Young, Minutes of the Quorum of the Twelve, January 20, 1843, Brigham Young Collection “She [Sarah] lied about me. I never made the offer which she said I did. I will not advise you to break up your family – unless it were asked of me. Then I would council you to get a bill from your wife and marry a virtuous woman – and a new family but if you do not do it [I] shall never throw it in your teeth.”

Sarah Pratt, in Wilhelm Wyl, Mormon Portraits, 1886, pp. 62-63

“In his endeavors to ruin my [Sarah’s] character Joseph went so far as to publish an extra-sheet containing affidavits against my reputation. When this sheet was brought to me I discovered to my astonishment the names of two people on it, man and wife, with whom I had boarded for a certain time…. I went to their house; the man left the house hurriedly when he saw me coming. I found the wife and said to her rather excitedly: ‘What does it all mean?’ She began to sob. ‘It is not my fault’ said she. ‘Hyrum Smith came to our house, with the affidavits all written out, and forced us to sign them. ‘Joseph and the Church must be saved,’ said he. We saw that resistance was useless, they would have ruined us; so we signed the papers.”

- Apostle Jebediah M. Grant, Sunday Tabernacle Discourse, March 23, 1856, Journal History

“Br Orson Pratt is in trubble in consequence of his wife, hir feelings are so rought up that he dos not know whether his wife is wrong, or whether Josephs testimony and others are wrong and do lie and he deceived for 12 years or not; his is all but crazy about matters… we will not let Br. Orson go away from us he is too good a man to have a woman destroy him.”

New York Herald, September 14, 1877

“It is said that the Prophet admitted to [Orson] the attempt he made on his wife’s virtue, but that it was only done to see whether she was true to her absent husband.”

Jane Law and Joseph Smith

Apostle William Law, former counselor in the First Presidency, in Lyndon W. Cook, “William Law, Nauvoo Dissenter,” BYU Studies, v. 22, Winter 1982, p. 65

“[Joseph] ha[s] lately endeavored to seduce my wife, and ha[s] found her a virtuous woman.”

Apostle William Law, as quoted in Ann Eliza Young, Wife No. 9, 1876, p. 61

“The Prophet had made dishonorable proposals to [my] wife… under cover of his asserted ‘Revelation.’… [Smith told his wife Jane] the Lord had commanded that he should take plural wives, to add to his glory… [Joseph] asked her to give him half her love; she was at liberty to keep the other half for her husband.”

Apostle William Law, Salt Lake Tribune, January 20, 1887

“My wife would not speak evil of … anyone … without cause. Joseph is a liar and not she. That Smith admired and lusted after many men’s wives and daughters, is a fact, but they could not help that. They or most of them considered his admiration an insult, and treated him with scorn. In return for this scorn, he generally managed to blacken their reputations – see the case of… Mrs. Pratt, a good, virtuous woman.”

He really was a pig.
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Nancy Rigdon And Joseph Smith - What A Pig
Wednesday, Mar 23, 2011, at 07:10 AM
Original Author(s): Jim Huston
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Nancy Rigdon

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 295 from letter George W. Robinson to James Arlington Bennett 7/27/1842 . cited in Bennett 245-247

Smith greeted her, ushered her into a private room, then locked the door. After swearing her to secrecy, Smith announced his “affection for her for several years and wished that she would be his….the Lord was well pleased with the matter. There was no sin it it whatever… but if she had any scruples of conscience about the matter, he would marry her privately.

Nancy Rigdon Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner from interview with Elders William H. and E. L. Kelly, cited in Smith and Smith, 4:452-453

Despite her tender age, she did not hesitate to express herself. The prophet's seductive behavior shocked her; she rebuffed him in a flurry of anger

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 295 from Wickliffe Rigdon, Life Story of Sydney Rigdon, 164, Smith, flustered, beckoned Mrs. Hyde into the room to help win Nancy over. Hyde volunteered that she too was surprised upon first hearing the tenet, but was convinced it was true, and that “great exaltation would come to those who received and embraced it”

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 295 from Wickliffe Rigdon , 28 july 1905 statement Incredulous, the feisty Nancy countered that “if she ever got married, she would marry a single man or not at all.

Not willing to take no for an answer, Smith later had a letter delivered to Nancy

Joseph Smith to Miss Nancy Rigdon, 11 April 1842 History of the Church, Vol. 5, p.134-136, See also "The Letter of the Prophet, Joseph Smith to Miss Nancy Rigdon," Joseph Smith Collection, LDS archives Happiness is the object and design of our existence; and will be the end thereof, if we pursue the path that leads to it; and this path is virtue, uprightness, faithfulness, holiness, and keeping all the commandments of God. But we cannot keep all the commandments without first knowing them, and we cannot expect to know all, or more than we now know unless we comply with or keep those we have already received. That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another.

God said, "Thou shalt not kill;" at another time He said "Thou shalt utterly destroy." This is the principle on which the government of heaven is conducted–by revelation adapted to the circumstances in which the children of the kingdom are placed. Whatever God requires is right, no matter what it is, although we may not see the reason thereof till long after the events transpire. If we seek first the kingdom of God, all good things will be added. So with Solomon: first he asked wisdom, and God gave it him, and with it every desire of his heart, even things which might be considered abominable to all who understand the order of heaven only in part, but which in reality were right because God gave and sanctioned by special revelation.

A parent may whip a child, and justly, too, because he stole an apple; whereas if the child had asked for the apple, and the parent had given it, the child would have eaten it with a better appetite; there would have been no stripes; all the pleasure of the apple would have been secured, all the misery of stealing lost.

This principle will justly apply to all of God's dealings with His children. Everything that God gives us is lawful and right; and it is proper that we should enjoy His gifts and blessings whenever and wherever He is disposed to bestow; but if we should seize upon those same blessings and enjoyments without law, without revelation, without commandment, those blessings and enjoyments would prove cursings and vexations in the end, and we should have to lie down in sorrow and wailings of everlasting regret. But in obedience there is joy and peace unspotted, unalloyed; and as God has designed our happiness–and the happiness of all His creatures, he never has–He never will institute an ordinance or give a commandment to His people that is not calculated in its nature to promote that happiness which He has designed, and which will not end in the greatest amount of good and glory to those who become the recipients of his law and ordinances. Blessings offered, but rejected, are no longer blessings, but become like the talent hid in the earth by the wicked and slothful servant; the proffered good returns to the giver; the blessing is bestowed on those who will receive and occupy; for unto him that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundantly, but unto him that hath not or will not receive, shall be taken away that which he hath, or might have had.

Be wise today; 'tis madness to defer: Next day the fatal precedent may plead. Thus on till wisdom is pushed out of time Into eternity.

Our heavenly Father is more liberal in His views, and boundless in His mercies and blessings, than we are ready to believe or receive; and, at the same time, is more terrible to the workers of iniquity, more awful in the executions of His punishments, and more ready to detect every false way, than we are apt to suppose Him to be. He will be inquired of by His children. He says: "Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find;" but, if you will take that which is not your own, or which I have not given you, you shall be rewarded according to your deeds; but no good thing will I withhold from them who walk uprightly before me, and do my will in all things–who will listen to my voice and to the voice of my servant whom I have sent; for I delight in those who seek diligently to know my precepts, and abide by the law of my kingdom; for all things shall be made known unto them in mine own due time, and in the end they shall have joy.

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 296 from George W. Robinson to James Arlington Bennett 7/27/1842, cited in Bennett, p246

When Sidney confronted Smith at the Rigdon home, the enraged father demanded an explanation of the prophet’s behavior. Smith “attempted to deny it at first, and faced [Nancy] down with the lie; ‘told the facts with so much earnestness, and the fact of a letter being present, which he had caused to be written to her, on the same subject, the day after the attempt made on her virtue,' that ultimately 'he could not withstand the testimony; he then and there acknowledged that every word of Miss Rigdon's testimony was true'.

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 296 from George W. Robinson to James Arlington Bennett 7/27/1842, cited in Bennett, p246

Smith, after acknowledging his proposition, sought a way out of the crisis by claiming he had approached Nancy 'to ascertain whether she was virtuous or not, and took that course to learn the facts!'

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 299 from S.M. Ellis (Nancy Rigdon’s son) letter to L. J. Nuffer

The bedeviling paradox for many regarding the Nancy Rigdon incident, is that while Smith's fame as a prophet of God makes the charges against him hard to believe, her steadfast reputation makes them difficult to dismiss

Sydney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious excess by Van Wagoner p 299

Inevitably, Nancy Rigdon, Sarah Pratt, and Martha Brotherton saw their reputations impugned by an avalanche of slander. The prophet labeled Sarah a '[whore] from her mother's breast.' Martha Brotherton was branded a 'mean harlot.' while Nancy was tagged a 'poor miserable girl out of the very slough of prostitution'
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Josephs Successful And Unsuccessful Proposals To Church Leaders' Wives
Monday, Apr 4, 2011, at 09:05 AM
Original Author(s): Jod3:360
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
When the family organization was revealed from heaven–the patriarchal order of God, and Joseph began, on the right and the left, to add to his family, what a quaking there was in Israel. Says one brother to another, "Joseph says all covenants [previous marriages] are done away, and none are binding but the new covenants [marriage by priesthood sealing power]; now suppose Joseph should come and say he wanted your wife, what would you say to that?" "I would tell him to go to hell." This was the spirit of many in the early days of this Church. . . . What would a man of God say, who felt aright, when Joseph asked him for his money? [he would give it all willingly] Or if he came and said, "I want your wife?" "O yes," he would say, "here she is, there are plenty more" . . . Did the Prophet Joseph want every man's wife he asked for? He did not . . . the grand object in view was to try the people of God, to see what was in them. If such a man of God should come to me and say, "I want your gold and silver, or your wives," I should say, "Here they are, I wish I had more to give you, take all I have got." A man who has got the Spirit of God, and the light of eternity in him, has no trouble about such matters." - Apostle Jedediah M. Grant, second counselor to Brigham Young and father of President Heber J. Grant, sermon delivered on 19 February 1854 (JD 2: 13-14)

Joseph Smith's Failed Proposals to Married Women

John Taylor's Wife, Leonora "The Prophet went to the home of President Taylor, and said to him, 'Brother John, I WANT LEONORA.'" Taylor was stunned, but after walking the floor all night, the obedient elder said to Smith, "If GOD wants Leonora He can have her." Woodruff concluded: "That was all the prophet was after, to see where President Taylor stood in the matter, and said to him, Brother Taylor, I dont want your wife, I just wanted to know just where you stood." - Prophet Wilford Woodruff, John Mills Whitaker Journal, Nov. 1 1890; emphasis in original

Heber C. Kimball's Wife, Vilate “During the summer of 1841, shortly after Heber's return from England, he was introduced to the doctrine of plural marriage directly through a startling test-a sacrifice which shook his very being and challenged his faith to the ultimate. He had already sacrificed homes, possessions, friends, relatives, all worldly rewards, peace, and tranquility for the Restoration. Nothing was left to place on the altar save his life, his children, and his wife. Joseph demanded for himself what to Heber was the unthinkable, his Vilate. Totally crushed spiritually and emotionally, Heber touched neither food nor water for three days and three nights and continually sought confirmation and comfort from God." Finally, after "some kind of assurance," Heber took Vilate to the upper room of Joseph's store on Water Street. The Prophet wept at this act of faith, devotion, and obedience. Joseph had never intended to take Vilate. It was all a test." - Biography of Heber C. Kimball, "Heber C. Kimball, Mormon Patriarch and Pioneer." By Stanley B. Kimball, page 93.

Orson Pratt's Wife, Sarah "Sometime in late 1840 or early 1841, Joseph Smith confided to his friend that he was smitten by the "amiable and accomplished" Sarah Pratt and wanted her for "one of his spiritual wives, for the Lord had given her to him as a special favor for his faithfulness" (emphasis in original). Shortly afterward, the two men took some of Bennett's sewing to Sarah's house. During the visit, as Bennett describes it, Joseph said, "Sister Pratt, the Lord has given you to me as one of my spiritual wives. I have the blessings of Jacob granted me, as God granted holy men of old, and as I have long looked upon you with favor, and an earnest desire of connubial bliss, I hope you will not repulse or deny me." "And is that the great secret that I am not to utter," Sarah replied. "Am I called upon to break the marriage covenant, and prove recreant to my lawful husband! I never will." She added, "I care not for the blessings of Jacob. I have one good husband, and that is enough for me." But according to Bennett, the Prophet was persistent. Finally Sarah angrily told him on a subsequent visit, "Joseph, if you ever attempt any thing of the kind with me again, I will make a full disclosure to Mr. Pratt on his return home. Depend upon it, I will certainly do it." "Sister Pratt," the Prophet responded, "I hope you will not expose me, for if I suffer, all must suffer; so do not expose me. Will you promise me that you will not do it?" "If you will never insult me again," Sarah replied, "I will not expose you unless strong circumstances should require it." "If you should tell," the Prophet added, "I will ruin your reputation, remember that." (Article "Sarah M. Pratt" by Richard A. Van Wagoner, Dialogue, Vol.19, No.2, p.72. Also see: http://www.xmission.com/~country/reason/spratt.htm)

William Law's Wife, Jane "William Law, a former counselor in the First Presidency, wrote in his 13 May 1844 diary: "[Joseph] ha[s] lately endeavored to seduce my wife, and ha[s] found her a virtuous woman" The Laws elaborated on this in a public meeting shortly thereafter. "The Prophet had made dishonorable proposals to [my] wife . . . under cover of his asserted 'Revelation,' " Law stated. He further explained that Joseph came to the Law home in the middle of the night when William was absent and told Jane that "the Lord had commanded that he should take spiritual wives, to add to his glory." Law then called on his wife to corroborate what he had said. She did so and further explained that Joseph had "asked her to give him half her love; she was at liberty to keep the other half for her husband" Jane refused the Prophet, and according to William Law's 20 January 1887 letter to the Salt Lake Tribune, Smith then considered the couple apostates. "Jane had been speaking evil of him for a long time . . . slandered him, and lied about himwithout cause," Law reported Smith as saying. "My wife would not speak evil of . . . anyone . . . without cause," Law asserted. "Joseph is the liar and not she. That Smith admired and lusted after many men's wives and daughters, is a fact, but they could not help that. They or most of them considered his admiration an insult, and treated him with scorn. In return for this scorn, he generally managed to blacken their reputations--see the case of . . . Mrs. Pratt, a good, virtuous woman." ("Mormon Polygamy" by Richard S. Van Wagoner, page 44)

Hiram Kimball's wife, Sarah Sarah M. Kimball, a prominent Nauvoo and Salt Lake City Relief Society leader was also approached by the Prophet in early 1842 despite her solid 1840 marriage to Hiram Kimball. Sarah later recalled that "Joseph Smith taught me the principle of marriage for eternity, and the doctrine of plural marriage. He said that in teaching this he realized that he jeopardized his life; but God had revealed it to him many years before as a privilege with blessings, now God had revealed it again and instructed him to teach with commandment, as the Church could travel [progress] no further without the introduction of this principle." ("LDS Biographical Encyclopedia" By Elder Andrew Jensen, 6:232, 1887) Sarah Kimball, like Sarah Pratt, was committed to her husband, and refused the Prophet's invitation, asking that he "teach it to someone else." Although she kept the matter quiet, her husband and Smith evidently had difficulties over Smith's proposal. On 19 May 1842, at a Nauvoo City Council meeting, Smith jotted down and then "threw across the room" a revelation to Kimball which declared that "Hiram Kimball has been insinuating evil, and formulating evil opinions" against the Prophet, which if he does not desist from, he "shall be accursed." Sarah remained a lifetime member of the Church and a lifelong wife to Hiram Kimball. - "LDS Biographical Encyclopedia" By Elder Andrew Jensen, 6:232, 1887, Official History of the Church 5: 12-13,

Sidney Rigdon's daughter, Nancy When Smith proposed marriage in April 1842 to Nancy Rigdon, nineteen-year-old daughter of his close friend and counselor, Sidney Rigdon, he reportedly took her into a room, "locked the door, and then stated to her that he had had an affection for her for several years, and wished that she should be his." Nancy refused him, saying she would only marry a single man. The following day Smith explained in a letter to her: "That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another." He added, "Whatever God requires is right, no matter what it is, although we may not see the reason thereof." She remained unconvinced. Nancy, her brother John, and her brother-in-law George W. Robinson testified in sworn affidavits that the Joseph Smith had proposed "spiritual marriage" to her. Smith publicly denied the accusations. ("The Letter of the Prophet, Joseph Smith to Miss Nancy Rigdon," Joseph Smith Collection, LDS archives; History of The Church 5:134-36. Sidney Rigdon Biography, Richard S. Van Wagoner, Chapter 21)

Joseph Smith's Successful Proposals to Married Women

Adam Lightner's wife, Mary Mary Elizabeth Rollins, already married to non-Mormon Adam Lightner since 11 August 1835, was one of the first women to accept a polyandrous proposal from Joseph Smith. "He was commanded to take me for a wife," she wrote in a 21 November 1880 letter to Emmeline B. Wells. "I was his, before I came here," she added in an 8 February 1902 statement. Brigham Young secretly sealed the two in February 1842 when Mary was eight months pregnant with her son George Algernon Lightner. She lived with her real husband Adam Lightner until his death in Utah many years later. In her 1880 letter to Emmeline B. Wells, Mary explained: "I could tell you why I stayed with Mr. Lightner. Things the leaders of the Church do not know anything about. I did just as Joseph told me to do, as he knew what troubles I would have to contend with." She added on 23 January 1892 in a letter to John R. Young: "I could explain some things in regard to my living with Mr. L[ightner] after becoming the Wife of Another (Joseph Smith), which would throw light, on what now seems mysterious--and you would be perfectly satisfied with me. I write this; because I have heard that it had been commented on to my injury" (Lightner, Mary E. Statement. 8 Feb. 1902; Lightner to Emmeline B. Wells, 21 Nov. 1880; Lightner to John R. Young, 25 Jan. 1892. George A. Smith Papers. Special Collections. University of Utah)

Orson Hyde's Wife, Marinda Marinda Nancy Johnson, sister of Apostles Luke and Lyman Johnson, married Orson Hyde in 1834. A year before Hyde returned from Jerusalem in 1843, Marinda was sealed to Joseph Smith in April of 1842, though she lived with Orson until their divorce in 1870. Many suspect Joseph Smith was the actual father of Marinda's son Frank Henry who was born on 23 Jan 1845, for two reasons. First, because Marinda had been the polygamous wife of Smith since Apr 1842. Second, because Smith had sent her first husband, Orson Hyde, on a mission to Washington on April 4, 1844 "immediately" after a meeting with Joseph Smith (History of the Church, pg. 286). The gestation period for a human is on average 266 days (not 9 months), which would date the conception to early May 1844. Of course, 266 is an average date and the figures vary. To give you an idea of the range, only four percent of pregnancies are actually carried two weeks or more beyond the average time (Guttmacher, 1983). Frank Henry was born on January 23, 1845. Orson Hyde left for Washington April 4, 1844. The difference in these two dates is 294 days! That is almost a month longer than expected and is basically physiologically impossible, especially considering that Orson Hyde had not returned to Nauvoo until August 6, 1844. (Andrew Jenson, Church Chronology, August 6, 1844) Marinda later divorced Orson Hyde and voiced her disgust of polygamy.

Windsor Lyon's Wife, Sylvia Sylvia P. Sessions, married to Windsor P. Lyon, gave birth to a daughter on 8 February 1844, less than five months before Joseph Smith's martyrdom. That daughter, Josephine, related in a 24 February 1915 statement that prior to her mother's death in 1882 "she called me to her bedside and told me that her days on earth were about numbered and before she passed away from mortality she desired to tell me something which she had kept as an entire secret from me and all others but which she now desired to communicate to me." Josephine's mother told her she was "the daughter of the Prophet Joseph Smith, she having been sealed to the Prophet at the time that her husband Mr. Lyon was out of fellowship with the Church." (Affidavit to Church Historian Andrew Jenson, 24 Feb. 1915)

Norman Buell's Wife, Prescindia Prescindia D. Huntington, a faithful Mormon and married woman in Nauvoo, was also a polyandrous wife of Joseph Smith. Prescindia had married Norman Buell in 1827 and had two sons by him before joining Mormonism in 1836. She was secretly sealed to Joseph Smith by her brother Dimick on 11 December 1841, though she continued to live with her husband Buell until 1846, when she left him to marry Heber C. Kimball. In a "letter to my eldest grand-daughter living in 1880," she explained that Norman Buell had left the Church in 1839, but that "the Lord gave me strength to Stand alone & keep the faith amid heavy persecution." (Mormon Polygamy: A History" by Richard S. Van Wagoner, page 44)

Prescindia, who was Normal Buell's wife and simultaneously a "plural wife" of the Prophet Joseph Smith, said that she did not know whether her husband Norman "or the Prophet was the father of her son, Oliver." And a glance at a photo of Oliver shows a strong resemblance to Emma Smith's boys. (Mary Ettie V. Smith, "Fifteen Years Among the Mormons", page 34; Fawn Brodie "No Man Knows My History" pages 301-302, 437-39)

Lucinda Morgan Harris, wife of Far West high councilor George Harris, admitted in 1842 that she had been Smith's "mistress since four years," and it is known that she visited Smith while he was incarcerated in Liberty Jail in 1838.

Henry Jacob's Wife, Zina Prescindia's twenty-year-old sister Zina was living in the Joseph Smith home when Elder Henry B. Jacobs married her in March 1841. According to family records, when Zina and Henry asked Joseph Smith why he had not honored them by performing their marriage, Smith replied that "the Lord had made it known to him that [Zina] was to be his Celestial wife." Believing that "whatever the Prophet did was right, without making the wisdom of God's authorities bend to the reasoning of any man," the devout Elder Jacobs consented for six-months-pregnant Zina to be sealed to Joseph Smith 27 October 1841. Some have suggested that the Jacobs's marriage was "unhappy" and that the couple had separated before her sealing to Joseph Smith. But, though sealed to Joseph Smith for eternity, Zina continued her connubial relationship with her husband Henry Jacobs. On 2 February 1846, pregnant with Henry's second son, Zina was re-sealed by proxy to the murdered Joseph Smith and in that same session was “sealed for time" to Brigham Young. Faithful Henry B. Jacobs stood by as an official witness to both ceremonies. ("History of Henry Bailey Jacobs." By Ora J. Cannon, page 5-7. also see "Recollections of Zina D. Young" by Mary Brown Firmage)

Zina and Henry lived together as husband and wife until the Mormon pioneers reached Mt. Pisgah, Iowa. At this temporary stop on the pioneer trail, Brigham Young announced that "it was time for men who were walking in other men's shoes to step out of them. Brother Jacobs, the woman you claim for a wife does not belong to you. She is the spiritual wife of brother Joseph, sealed up to him. I am his proxy, and she, in this behalf, with her children, are my property. You can go where you please, and get another, but be sure to get one of your own kindred spirit" (Hall 1853, 43-44). President Young then called Jacobs on a mission to England. Witnesses to his departure commented that he was so emotionally ill they had to "put him on a blanket and carry him to the boat to get him on his way". ("Short Sketch of the Life of Henry B. Jacobs" By Ora J. Cannon)

Henry returned from his mission and settled in California. But he was still in love with his wife Zina, now a plural wife of Brigham Young. Henry's letters to his wife Zina were heartrending. On 2 September 1852 he wrote: "O how happy I should be if I only could see you and the little children, bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh." "I am unhappy," Henry lamented, "there is no peace for poor me, my pleasure is you, my comfort has vanished.... O Zina, can I ever, will I ever get you again, answer the question please." In an undated Valentine he added: Zina my mind never will change from Worlds without Ends, no never, the same affection is there and never can be moved I do not murmur nor complain of the handlings of God no verily, no but I feel alone and no one to speak to, to call my own. I feel like a lamb without a mother, I do not blame any person or persons, no--May the Lord our Father bless Brother Brigham and all purtains unto him forever. Tell him for me I have no feelings against him nor never had, all is right according to the Law of the Celestial Kingdom of our god Joseph [Smith]." ("Short Sketch of the Life of Henry B. Jacobs" By Ora J. Cannon) It was the rule rather than the exception for Smith to encourage a polyandrous wife to remain with her legal husband. Faithful Mormon Joseph Kingsbury even wrote that he served as a surrogate husband for Joseph Smith: "I according to Pres. Joseph Smith & council & others, I agreed to stand by Sarah Ann Whitney [sealed to Smith 27 July 1843] as though I was supposed to be her husband and a pretended marriage for the purpose of shielding them from the enemy and for the purpose of bringing out the purposes of God." (Elder Joseph Kingsbury, "History of Joseph Kingsbury Written by His Own Hand," page 5, Utah State Historical Society
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Adultery? Yes. Fanny Alger Age 16 Is Joseph's First Known Plural Wife
Wednesday, May 16, 2012, at 11:09 AM
Original Author(s): Whitmer College
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
After it was discovered that Joseph had an affair with his 16 year old housemaide, members of the church wanted to replace Joseph Smith with David Whitmer as leader of the church.

Fanny Alger is Joseph's first known plural wife, whom he came to know in Kirtland during early 1833 when she, at the age of 16, stayed at his home as a housemaid. Described as "a varry nice & Comly young woman," according to Benjamin Johnson, Fanny lived with the Smith family from 1833 to 1836. Martin Harris, one of the Three Witnesses to the Book of Mormon, recalled that the prophet's "servant girl" claimed he had made "improper proposals to her, which created quite a talk amongst the people." Mormon Fanny Brewer similarly reported "much excitement against the Prophet[involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection." Former Mormon apostle William McLellin later wrote that Emma Smith substantiated the Smith-Alger affair. According to McLellin, Emma was searching for her husband and Alger one evening when through a crack in the barn door she saw "him and Fanny in the barn together alone" on the hay mow. McLellin, in a letter to one of Smith's sons, added that the ensuing confrontation between Emma and her husband grew so heated that Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, and Oliver Cowdery had to mediate the situation. After Emma related what she had witnessed, Smith, according to McLellin, "confessed humbly, and begged forgiveness. Emma and all forgave him." While Oliver Cowdery may have forgiven his cousin Joseph Smith, he did not forget the incident. Three years later, when provoked by the prophet, Cowdery countered by calling the Fanny Alger episode "a dirty, nasty, filthy affair." Chauncey Webb recounts Emmas later discovery of the relationship: Emma was furious, and drove the girl, who was unable to conceal the consequences of her celestial relation with the prophet, out of her house. At least one account indicates that Fanny became pregnant. Chauncy G. Webb, Smith's grammar teacher, later reported that when the pregnancy became evident, Emma Smith drove Fanny from her home (Wyl 1886, 57). Webb's daughter, Ann Eliza Webb Young, a divorced wife of Brigham Young, remembered that Fanny was taken into the Webb home on a temporary basis (Young 1876, 66-67). Fanny stayed with relatives in nearby Mayfield until about the time Joseph fled Kirtland for Missouri. Fanny left Kirtland in September 1836 with her family. Though she married non-Mormon Solomon Custer on 16 November 1836 and was living in Dublin City, Indiana, far from Kirtland, her name still raised eyebrows. Fanny Brewer, a Mormon visitor to Kirtland in 1837, observed "much excitement against the Prophet [involving] an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family and under his protection"

-- Sep 24, 1834 -- Article on Marriage read at General Assembly stating that "...one man should have one wife, except for death."

-- Aug 17, 1835 -- Oliver Cowdery and Sidney Rigdon presented a revised set of "inspired documents" before a special Conference of the Church, which approved the collection for printing. Section 101, placed almost at the end of the book, gave instructions on purely monogamous marriage. The text stated that the "Church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication, and polygamy..." Joseph Smith was out of town when the Conference accepted the collection as being the Doctrine and Covenants of the Church. As no known allegations of Mormon polygamy had been published at this time, it appears that the "reproach" came from within the Church itself.

-- Oct 17, 1835 -- Joseph Smith's journal entry states: "Called my family together arranged my domestick concerns and dismissed my boarders." This may refer to his first plural wife, sixteen-year-old Fanny Alger, with whom his relationship has been causing rumors and dissension among Joseph's inner circle, leaving his home to live apart from him.

-- Nov 24, 1835 -- While illegally performing a marriage for Newel Knight and Lydia Goldthwaite (still legally married to another man), Smith publicly announces his view of theocratic ethics: "I have done it by the authority of the holy Priesthood and the Gentile law has no power to call me to an account for it."

-- late Aug 1836 -- In Joseph Smith's absence some members call for David Whitmer to assume leadership of the Church. A similar situation happened during Smith's trip to Canada in July of 1837. Accounts of these two events are difficult to sort one from another. The earlier attempt to unseat Smith may possibly have been related to his affair with Miss Fanny Alger.

-- late Aug 1836 -- Joseph Smith asked Levi Hancock to take Fanny Alger to Missouri. She and her family left the following month, and after a lengthy stop-over in Indiana (for unclear reasons, perhaps her pregnancy), reached Missouri a year later.

-- Nov 16, 1836 -- Fanny Alger (Smith) marries Solomon Custer in Wayne county, Indiana.

-- Apr 28, 1837 -- The presidents of seventies meet and declare for publication that "we will have no fellowship whatever with any Elder belonging to the quorum of the Seventies who is guilty of polygamy or any offense of the kind."

-- Aug. 1837 -- David W Patten: Joseph Smith Jr. "slapped him in the face & kicked him out of the yard" Aug. 1837 when David W Patten asked if Fanny Alger was Joseph Smith Jr. 's plural wife

-- early Nov 1837 -- Oliver Cowdery confronted Joseph Smith over the matter of Smith's having carried on sexual relations with Miss Fanny Alger in Kirtland. Smith called in witnesses and shook hands with Cowdery, their both having agreed "to drop every past thing."

-- Nov 6, 1837 -- Oliver Cowdery: Allowed by leading quorums 6 Nov. 1837 to resolve difficulty with Joseph Smith Jr. over polygamy without involving the church council

-- Jan 13, 1838 -- Luke Johnson arrests Joseph Sr. for performing a marriage without proper authority but also helps him escape. Joseph Sr. hides at Oliver Snow's for two or three weeks.

-- (Sun) Jan 21, 1838 -- Oliver Cowdery confronts Smith with charge of adultery with Fanny Alger. (Perhaps by letter, as Smith had not yet arrived in Missouri)

-- Jan 21, 1838 -- Oliver Cowdery: "A dirty, nasty, filthy affair of his and Fanny Alger's was talked over in which I strictly declared that I had never deviated from the truth." Oliver's letterbook

-- 1838 July -- The Church's Elders' Journal said "... on account of the unfaithfulness of Oliver Cowdery ... and [his] opposition to our beloved brother Joseph Smith, jr ... [he has] been excluded from fellowship." It printed a statement from the husband of William Morgan's widow saying Cowdery discussed the "crime (adultery/polygamy) alledged against" Joseph Smith, Jr. in her house. It also said Mormons did not have more than one wife and that Joseph Smith was a money-digger. (Joseph Smith may have married Lucinda in June 1838, evidence for this is not solid)

Sources: Whitmercollege: http://www.whitmercollege.com/adulter...
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Joseph Smith's Polygamy? The Topic Was Avoided
Wednesday, Jul 18, 2012, at 07:18 AM
Original Author(s): Mercyngrace
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
The impression I had as a kid was that Joseph Smith received the revelation in D&C 132 but died before it was really practiced. In my mind, Brigham Young was the polygamist.

The topic was avoided, regardless of whether it was in the seminary manual, and we did our level best to distance ourselves from the church's polygamist past as it did not go over well with our Bible belt friends, family, and neighbors. We passed along the faith promoting rumor that polygamy was all about taking care of women whose husbands were murdered by bloodthirsty Mormon haters who chased the saints from state to state until they fled across the plains. We also talked about how many women were sealed to Joseph Smith after his death, as if this alone accounted for the long list of wives local anti-Mormons claimed he had.

This was the narrative I was given at church, right or wrong, and it was how we coped with the local persecution for issues about which we had almost no historical data. The closest thing we had to information about our own beginnings other than manuals and church magazines were entries in Encyclopedia Britannica and the books my dad purchased from Deseret Book when we made the 7 hour trek to the nearest temple. That book store didn't open shop until the mid 70s and it's shelves were filled with faith promoting books written by church leaders and materials designed to help one succeed in teaching Primary or preparing a "Two-Minute Talk".

Even if you devoured the church magazines, it wasn't like there was an online database so you could research old issues. If you converted after one of Scott's referenced articles were released, or were a child then, the odds against encountering information about Joseph's polygamy or the stone and hat were astronomical.

At my house, where my father purchased every inspirational LDS book he could get his hands on, where we got all the church magazines, and where we attended faithfully (my dad was the bishop in my formative years, then high councilor, stake presidency counselor, etc throughout my childhood and youth - my mom went from Primary President to the Stake RS Presidency for most of those years), there was a dearth of information.

We did have a copy of Lucy Mack Smith's biography of Joseph which I skimmed as a 10 or 11 year old. And there was a brother in the ward who kept mimeographed papers that looked like newsletters from FARMS in a three ring binder but he was mostly obsessed with finding archaeological evidence for the Book of Mormon. Polygamy never came up in any conversation I had with him or overheard.

I would expect there was a lot more information to be had out West, given the reality of polygamist off shoots, and the ever present reality of church members with polygamist progenitors. Perhaps some of those claiming to have always known, really did always know, the history of polygamy being an unavoidable undercurrent of their culture and community.

In my LDS experience, far from "Zion", it simply was not so.
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We Ex-Mo's Were Assuredly "Lazy" When We Were Mo's
Friday, Jul 20, 2012, at 12:32 PM
Original Author(s): Sock Puppet
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Here beastie explains how it was her 'fault' not to have known more about Mormonism earlier, rather than it being due to LDS Inc's whitewashing of its history:

http://www.mormondiscussions.com/phpB...
I converted to the church at the age of 19 in 1976. I was attending a small, private Methodist college in the southeast, and its library only had two books on Mormonism - both EV anti-mormon screeds that were easy to dismiss. I did my best to find out more information about the LDS church, but just didn't have access to anything helpful. So I believed what the missionaries told me about polygamy, which correlates to what you were told - it was to take care of widows and orphans. (I now wonder why it didn't occur to me that church members could take care of widows and orphans without marrying the widows as plural wives.) I don't remember ever hearing that Joseph Smith practiced polygamy himself, much less some of the more controversial details. I remember being told repeatedly that Emma was adamantly opposed to the practice.
Funny, when I was a two-year, full-time missionary in the late 70's, early 80's, and while we had two versions of the discussions, there was no mention of polygamy--and annotated instructions were to get the investigator back on track of just the topics presented in the discussions if the investigator brought up another topic. My companions were good at it, and headed off any conversation about polygamy as something that was socially needed in Utah in the 19th Century to build up a society there, but has long since been abandoned. While it did pipe down the questions, there frequently was a puzzled look yet remaining on the face of the investigator.
Did I draw the conclusion myself that Joseph Smith refrained from the practice for Emma's sake, or was I told that? I have no idea, but it was a firmly implanted idea in my head.
The way I heard about it when yet a TBM, in Sunday School and Priesthood Meeting and only then when raised as an off-manual topic, was that (a) JSJr received the revelation that the Saints were to engage in polygamy, (b) he told his wife, Emma, who vociferously objected (I use the commas as a parenthetical there because even with what I know today, I yet consider Emma to be the only wife of JSJr), (c) JSJr refrained from engaging in polygamy out of respect for Emma's wishes, (d) Emma was 'bad' for not accepting JSJr engaging in polygamy as god had commanded him, and (e) BY married all those widows in Utah to care for them and their fatherless children. #(c) was repeated not only in my home ward in a neighboring state, but also at a BYU ward in which the bishop, a BYU religion professor, was in attendance during one such occasion and did not 'correct' this misnomer.

I also distinctly remember the lessons from the manuals on Church history described polygamy as something that BY set up after the migration to Utah.
This was true for my other family members that joined when I did, too. We didn't find out about Joseph Smith's polygamy until we read Mormon Enigma many years later.
I have a hard time believing that beastie has a comprehension problem or that she comes from stock that has a genetic problem with comprehension.
I told this story on MAD years ago, and was heavily criticized for being too lazy to engage in due diligence before joining the church.
Ahh, the quintessential experience on MAD by those that would dare to mention that their Church experience did not include, from before baptism, knowing all about JSJr's peccadilloes.
When I pointed out that I had no resources at all, I was told that I should have searched the microfiches of the library.
Boy, wouldn't it have been much easier in the Missionary Home/MTC to have only had to tell investigators that to appropriately investigate the Mormon Church would have been to direct them to the microfiche collections in libraries in Utah. Not having to memorize ver batim those lengthy discussions that made no mention of such would have been much easier, and then I would not have unwittingly been an instrument of deception to the investigators that listened to me.
I pointed out that I would not have known what to look FOR, having no idea what the controversies are, and they didn't care. It was still my fault. I was lazy.
beastie, the apologist condemns us ex-Mo's each for not having studied out in our own minds everything ever written about Mormonism, and then prayed about it to get those stupors so we could dismiss the lies and get those bosom burning moments for what was true.

I wonder if to this day, anyone has prayed about JSJr's promiscuity and had his or her bosom burn with confirmation.

Of course, every topic I have learned anything about in my life began with grasping the basics and then moving on. I suppose it was my fault my 4th grade grammar school teacher mentioned Thomas Jefferson but nothing about Sally Hemings. Of course, my teacher didn't know either, but those rascals that were involved in the process of what primary source information would not appear in my grade school history books, they were trying to instill a misconception in me just as certainly as LDS Inc was doing.

My point here though is prompted by beastie's parenthetical:
(I now wonder why it didn't occur to me that church members could take care of widows and orphans without marrying the widows as plural wives.)
Yeah, how come it did not occur to beastie? Or to me when I heard the care-for-widows-and-orphans excuse?

Seems like beastie at those points in time, and me too at those points in my own Mormon odyssey, were accepting that explanation without looking further on our own, doing the Book of Mormon thing discussed in Alma 32:27-43. Specifically, letting the "desire work" in us until we can "give place" to the gospel, not resisting it so that it would grow like a planted seed, so that it would swell within our breasts, we would realize that it is good, that our souls would be enlarged, our understandings enlightened--that we would find it 'delicious'. Through our repeating that the 'seed' is good, our faith would be strengthened, our minds expand with greater powers of discernment.

By accepting the facile explanation of caring for the widows and orphans, we nourishing our faith, as Alma exhorted us to do, with great care, diligence, patience and looking forward to it to 'bring forth fruit' (everlasting life), fearing that if we did not so nourish it by accepting such an explanation, our 'ground would be barren' and the seed not grow.

As BKP has admonished just over a year ago, 'let it alone'.

Yet at the Great and Spacious Echo Chamber that was once appropriately acronymed MAD, one that mentions that he relied on the 'milk before the meat' is ridiculed for not having instantly learned every unsavory nook and cranny of Mormon history while investigating Mormonism or for having accepted what Mormon leaders repeatedly and consistently shoveled to those of us BIC as we grew up (rather than having at, say, 7 and 1/2 years of age insisted our parents take us to Salt Lake City to the Church Library there so that we could have spent at least 6 months before turning 8 and being baptized, learning about all of JSJr's dirty laundry).

Why, as beastie asks, did it not occur to those of us that had this experience that caring for widows and orphans could have been done without the necessity of BY making those widows his 'wives'?

Could it be that it did not occur to us, and we thus did not dig deeper then, because we were trying to give that seed of desire the test that Alma said required us to hope for the seed to be good, to be true, and to nourish it, we had to avoid naysayers?
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Joseph's Clumsy Implementation Of Polygamy
Friday, Sep 7, 2012, at 10:10 AM
Original Author(s): Dcharle
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
As I have contemplated Josephs polygamous activates, the marriages that seem to cause myself, and many others the most problems are his polyandrous marriages. The current apologetic defense for his polyandry is that he received the “plural marriage” revelation but was unsure how to implement it. In his clumsy efforts to implement such a difficult doctrine he innocently married teenage girls, and women who were already married.

This maladroit defense is often used in conjunction with the “line-upon-line” defense. It goes something like this: over time, the church learned how the Lord wanted the practice of plural marriage implemented, because prophets are men, so the argument goes, we need to allow them space for error in their quest to understand the revelations they receive. The apologists will also state that revelation is murky, as Paul says, “we see through glasses darkly” hence God allows prophets to make errors as they work through these bursts of revelation. The receiving of more light and knowledge is a slow process that gradually builds upon itself, subsequently the Lord allowed Joseph to marry other men's wives because he did not fully understand the revelation, and had not received any new direction in the matter to correct his graceless implementation of the principle.

Here is my issue with this line of thinking. Many times Joseph would receive “on the spot” revelation on much smaller, insignificant matters such as the exact location of a stone alter in which Adam used in the garden of Eden, consider the following quotes:

LDS Apostle Wilford Woodruff, writing in his journal on March 30, 1873, commented:

"Again Presdet Young said Joseph the Prophet told me that the garden of Eden was in Jackson Co Missouri, & when Adam was driven out of the garden of Eden He went about 40 miles to the Place which we Named Adam Ondi Ahman, & there built an Altar of Stone & offered Sacrifize. That Altar remains to this day. I saw it as Adam left it as did many others, & through all the revolutions of the world that Altar had not been disturbed. Joseph also said that when the City of Enoch fled & was translated it was whare the gulf of Mexico now is. It left that gulf a body of water." (Waiting for World's End: The Diaries of Wilford Woodruff, edited by Susan Staker, Signature Books, 1993, p. 305)

Bruce R. McConkie explained that Joseph Smith had identified an altar in Missouri as one built by Adam:

"At that great gathering Adam offered sacrifices on an altar built for the purpose. A remnant of that very altar remained on the spot down through the ages. On May 19, 1838, Joseph Smith and a number of his associates stood on the remainder of the pile of stones at a place called Spring Hill, Daviess County, Missouri. There the Prophet taught them that Adam again would visit in the Valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, holding a great council as a prelude to the great and dreadful day of the Lord." (Mormon Doctrine, by Bruce McConkie, Mediation and Atonement pp. 69-70.)

Other example’s of Joseph’s on the spot prophetic riffing are:
  • Zelph the white Lamanite.
  • Kinderhook plates
  • Greek Psalter
  • Where men were to be sent on missions
  • Exact names of women who were to marry him
  • That the Gulf of Mexico was once the great city of Enoch
The Lord seemed to have no problem with "live prophetic streaming” to Joseph on these and many other seemingly trivial matters, so why the hesitation by the Lord to help Joseph course correct on such an important matter like polygamy? After all, it is just the “new and everlasting covenant”.
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Is It Rape If Done Under The Guise Of "An Angel With A Flaming Sword Told Me To"?
Wednesday, Nov 27, 2013, at 07:58 AM
Original Author(s): Invnaught
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-
Think about it for a moment. If Joseph claims he is going to be killed by a flaming sword wielding angel, what then is going to happen to the girl who allowed his demise but could have prevented the destruction of God's prophet with just a little feminine submission?

Of course, in hind sight, it makes no sense whatsoever that "marrying" or not marrying someone and having sex with them will keep them from the rewards of heaven. But to a gullible young country girl, this was probably a very, very powerful arguement. There were very few recorded examples of ladies refusing to rescue Joseph Smith the wrath of the flaming sword. And those who did reject his sexual advances found out how quickly Joseph Smith's cutesy flirtiness could turn into a sword of flaming wrath of his making, as he would become hell bent on teaching any woman who dared resist his sexual advances the consequences of her disloyalty. Underneath Joseph Smith's thin veneer of boyish charm was an angry, cruel brute capable of all manner of punishment against any who would defy his growing demands.

One way or the other, each of the unwilling objects of Joseph Smith's wayward desires became faced with threats against the eternal salvation of not just herself, but that of her family as well. This fits the definition of coercion.

Blogger Shari Alexander made some interesting points on the subject of Influence as compared to Coercion on her website; http://www.shari-alexander.com/influe...

Influence:

The power to change or affect someone or something; the power to cause changes without directly forcing them to happen; a person or thing that affects someone or something in an important way

I think the important point here is, “without directly forcing them to happen.” Other definitions of influence refer to influence as being undetectable by the other person, and/or that influence reveals little to no effort by the influential person. I, personally, believe that influence and persuasion are fairly interchangeable.

Persuasion:

the act of causing people to do or believe something;the act or activity of persuading people

Now, let’s talk about the nasty cousins of influence: manipulation and coercion. Usually, when people have a negative reaction to the word influence, they are actually conjuring images and ideas about these words:

Manipulation:

Exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one’s own advantage; “his manipulation of his friends was scandalous”

Coerce:

To make (someone) do something by using force or threats; to get (something) by using force or threats

Coercion is probably the ugliest of the lot. It’s pretty much a do-whatever-it-takes approach. Brainwashing and torture fall under the heading of coercion. Manipulation is unfortunately and incorrectly equated with influence. I guess it’s understandable since there really is only one small difference between the two.

Intention determines if you are being manipulative or influential.
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Remembering The Forgotten Women Of Joseph Smith: Almera Johnson
Tuesday, Apr 15, 2014, at 08:05 AM
Original Author(s): Winterbuzz
Topic: JOSEPH SMITH - POLYGAMY - SECTION 2   -Link To MC Article-

This is an ongoing series to remember the early women of Church history who are largely forgotten today. You can read the previous entries here.

 

Almera Johnson was born on Octber 12, 1812 in Westford in Chittenden County, Vermont to parents Ezekiel and Julia Hills Johnson. Her older sister Delcena Johnson Sherman was also a plural wife of Joseph Smith. Both were part of a large family and grew up with a very religious mother and an alcoholic father. [1]

Almera and her family gathered with the Saints in Kirtland, Ohio, then Missouri and eventually Macedonia, Illinois, approximately twenty miles east of Nauvoo. Almera’s brother, Benjamin, became close with Joseph Smith and was appointed the agent for church property in Macedonia.

On April 1, 1843, Joseph visited Macedonia and stayed at the Johnson home. Delcena Johnson, Almera and Benjamin’s older sister, had married Joseph ten months earlier and was living with another of Joseph’s wives, Louisa Beaman. As was common for these types of visits with Joseph, he took Benjamin for a long walk in the woods, the two sat down on a log and as Benjamin recalls, “[One morning Joseph said] ‘Come brother Bennie, let us have a walk’. [As we walked Joseph explained] that the Lord had revealed to him that plural….marriage was according to His law; [and] had commanded him to obey it…He had Come now to ask me for my Sister Almera – His words astonished me and almost took my breath – I Sat for a time amazed…[I could not] comprehend anything. I….Said: ‘Brother Joseph This is something I did not Expect…You know whether it is right. I do not. I want to do just as you tell me…But how…Can I teach my Sister what I mySelf do not understand.”

Joseph then promised Benjamin he would preach a sermon later that evening, saying it would relate to this doctrine in a way that only Benjamin would understand. That evening Joseph spoke on the parable of the talents, which in this case Benjamin understood to mean wives: To him who increased his talents, more talents would be given; but to him that had only one, the talent would be taken away (Matthew 25:15).

“To me there was a horror in the idea of speaking to my sister upon such a subject; the thought of which made me sick. I stood before her trembling, my knees shaking; Just…as I found powr to open my mouth it was filled…and the subject that had Seemed So dark, now apeared…most lucid & plain…. her heart was not yet won.”

Apparently resisting the idea of plural marriage at first, Joseph asked Benjamin to bring Almera to Nauvoo. “…my sister accompanied me to Nauvoo, where at my sister Delcena’s we soon met the Prophet with his brother Hyrum and William Clayton.”

Hyrum Smith pulled Benjamin aside and told Benjamin that Joseph was acting in God’s name. He then turned to Almera and said, “I know that Joseph was comanded to take more wives and he waited Untill an Angel with drawn Sword Stood before him and declared that if [he] longer delayed fulfilling that command he would Slay him…The Lord has revealed the principle of plural marriage to me and I know that it is true. I will have you for a sister, and you will be blest…. [Hyrum] came to me and said I need not be afraid. I had been fearing and doubting about the principle and so had he, but he now knew it was true. After this time I lived with the Prophet Joseph as his wife.”

Benjamin recalls the ceremony: “the Prophet with Louisa Beeman and my Sister Delcena had it agreeabley aranged with sister Almara and after a little instruction, She Stood by the Prophets Side & was Sealed to him as a wife by Brother Clayton. After which the Prophet asked me to take my Sister to ocupy Room No 10 in his Mansion Home dureing her Stay in the City.” Almera and Benjamin stayed in Nauvoo for three weeks, and then returned to Macedonia. [2]

Three weeks later, Joseph visited his new wife, Almera, in Macedonia. Benjamin Johnson made several statements about Almera and Jospeh’s marital bed, and the relationship is one of the more documented marriages with this type of information:
“[Joseph Smith] remained two days, lodging at my house with my sister as man and wife (and to my certain knowledge he occupied the same bed with her). This visit was on the 16th and 17th of May, 1843, returning to Nauvoo on the 18th. “ [3]

“[As] for my younger sister the Prophet made me the medium of his courtship; and I saw her married to him in the summer of 1843, and I further know that they roomed together as husband and wife at various times in my home at Macedonia, where he associated with other of his plural wives and various times as he had occasion.”
[4]

“The Prphet again Came and at my house occupied the Same Room & Bed with my Sister that the month previous he had occupied with the Daughter of the Late Bishop Partridge…” [5]

Almera also later said, “I lived with the prophet Joseph as his wife and he visited me at the home of my brother Benjamin F.” [6]

After Joseph Smith’s death, Almera married Reuben Barton who was widowed with three children. The marriage between Almera and Reuben produced five daughters. [7] Almera’s first daughter, Mary Ellen, was born in 1846 and died only two years later. Her fourth infant, Almera Melissa died before reaching one year of age. The death apparently affected Almera’s health for a time.


Reubun Barton, Almera’s husband “for time only.” 

Their third daughter, Lois, was mentally impaired. Almera apparently felt guilty and responsible for her child’s condition, “Almera wondered if it was punishment because she remaried.”

In 1860, Reuben became disillusioned with the LDS church, causing marital discord and Almera and Reuben separated. Almera traveled to Utah with her three remaining daughters in 1861, settling in Parowan, Utah. Her youngest child, Harriet died in the winter of 1862 at the age of eight.
Meanwhile, still in the east and at the forty-ninth year of his age, Reuben was for the second time without a wife and sadly this time also without his children. On October 20, 1867, Reuben married for the third time, this time to Maria J. Carothers, the youngest of a large family.

We don’t know much about Almera’s life in Utah, except that she cared tenderly for Lois, used herbal treatments for her illnesses, and had family close by, in whom she found comfort.
Almera would go three more decades in Utah where she would care for Lois, until they both passed away in the mid 1890’s. Lois passed away on September 2, 1893, the victim of dropsy. Lois was the last of the five daughters to pass away and we know Almera was alive to bury her. On March 4, 1896, and after many years of crippling arthritis, Almera passed away of a ‘paralytic stroke’ at age age eight-three. [8]

 

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––––
SOURCES:

1. Todd Compton, Review of In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith,” pg. 289
2. ^ pg. 291-298
3. Joseph F. Smith Affidavit Books, 2:6-7, 1869, CHL MS 3423 fd 5; Jenson, Historical Record, 6:222.
4. Benjamin F. Johnson letter to Frank Feely, Dec 10, 1897, in the John M. Whitaker Papers, CHL. See also MS 5, bx 27, fd 7, CHL.
5. Dean R. Zimmerman, I Knew the Prophets, 44.; My Life’s Review. Independence, MO: Zion’s Printing and Publishing Co., 1947, 96
6. Almera W. Johnson, affidavit dated August 1, 1883, digitized holograph, MS 3423, CHL.[1]; “The Origin of Plural Marriage, Joseph F. Smith, Jr., Deseret News Press, page 70-71.
7. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9317876
8. Todd Compton, Review of In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith,” pg. 304

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  · WOMEN AND MORMONISM - SECTION 3 (37)
  · WORD OF WISDOM (7)
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AVOBASE

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